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Chronic back pain: causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The thoracic spine is located in the posterior area of ​​the back and has a very slight base kyphosis; in other words, it has a curvature that continues with the ribs on the lateral part of the body. Although the spine region is an area covered by many muscles that make it strengthened and safe, it is the area of ​​the body that generates the most significant discomfort in a large part of the world population, especially in recent years.

Back pain is known as back pain so frequently that it is located in the lumbar and cervical sectors. When these discomforts continuously persist for more than three months, specialists describe the disorder as chronic. If you are one of those who suffer these discomforts, you must go to the doctor. In the following FastlyHealarticle, we detail the causes and treatment of chronic back pain.

Causes of chronic back pain

Due to its position, structure, and the muscles that accompany it, the thoracic spine is prone to be affected by various conditions that produce discomfort of varying intensity in the area. At the same time, back pain is so joint that it can affect 8 out of 10 people, according to the US National Library of Medicine [1]. Chronic back pain is much less common, according to the National Institute of Arthritis. and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases [2].

Likewise, various causes of chronic back pain are mentioned, the most common being:

  • Genetic alterations are vertebral malformations from birth.
  • Acquired static problems such as scoliosis or kyphosis.
  • A fracture in the area.
  • Make violent efforts.
  • Having suffered a fall or a direct hit.
  • Physiological factors such as decalcification.
  • Suffering from anxiety or stress.
  • Being overweight.
  • Maintain a sedentary life.
  • Suffering from muscular insufficiency or similar.
  • Staying in a bad posture for long periods.

Drug treatment for chronic back pain

Depending on each patient and the doctor’s considerations, one of the most common back pain treatments to eliminate chronic back pain is the intake of certain anti-inflammatory drugs, as they help reduce inflammation and relieve discomfort. Despite this, the improvement caused by the consumption of these drugs is temporary because it does not act directly on the cause but on the symptoms to calm the patient’s discomfort.

For this reason, the most recommended treatment for those who suffer from chronic back pain is a combination of different treatments. Otherwise, limiting yourself only to taking drugs would be a highly undesirable option and one that no specialist will prescribe. However, you must consult with the professional and follow their instructions.

The following article explains how long it takes to heal back pain.

Other treatments to cure back pain


It favors the relaxation of the shoulder girdle, improves posture with a dorsal correction, and helps with stretching, maintaining postures to relax the muscles in the area and reduce pain. However, it may be necessary to supplement some anti-inflammatories or muscle relaxants with the intake.

Exercises for back pain

There are specific exercises ideal for people who suffer from chronic back pain. However, they must be performed under the supervision of a professional to avoid injury from improper practice. They will help all those activities of dorsal expansion and opening of the rib cage. It is necessary to try to correct the cervical and lumbar areas and make postural corrections so that, over time, they become the usual postures.

Therapeutic massages

Massages performed by experts are thoroughly recommended as one of the most effective treatments that act on the cause of chronic back pain. The movements made during them are intended to relax and eliminate contractures in the areas in question so that the muscles and ligaments are less tense and the discomfort caused by the alteration is reduced.

Heat application

The application of heat in the affected area is usually a great help to reduce discomfort and relax the muscles. However, this can be an alternative to reducing the consumption of medications, so it may be necessary to combine it with other treatments to act more precisely on the cause and eliminate the alteration.

How do you prevent back pain?

While some causes of back pain cannot be avoided, some measures could improve the condition and, in certain circumstances, prevent back pain symptoms from occurring, including:

  • Try to always maintain the correct posture, mainly on the back.
  • Adapt the seats that must be used for long periods to the sensitivity of the back.
  • Sleep on a mattress that is as firm as possible.
  • Do not wear high heels.
  • Avoid carrying heavy objects.
  • Regularly practice gentle activities, such as yoga, swimming, aqua gym, etc.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Chronic back pain: causes and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Bones, Joints and Muscles .

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