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Acute prostatitis: symptoms, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

It is known as prostatitis, a disorder characterized by a swelling in the prostate gland; however, this medical term can refer to a large number of alterations in which the inflamed prostate tissue is observed and can be due to numerous causes. One of the most frequent is an infection caused by bacteria, so it is necessary to perform a medical consultation to know your treatment.

Prostatitis, which can be called a urinary infection, usually affects men between the second and fourth decade of their lives. Despite this, it is difficult to diagnose it due to the limitations of the methods since it can be confused with other pathologies with similar characteristics and symptoms. If you want to know more about this disease, in the following FastlyHealarticle, you will find all the information about acute prostatitis: symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Types of prostatitis

It is considered that there are several types of prostate syndromes, so there is currently a classification to divide them. The first is the so-called category I, acute bacterial prostatitis due to an acute prostate gland infection.

There is chronic bacterial prostatitis, a recurrent urinary infection, and chronic prostatic disease in category ll. A category is called chronic bacterial prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, which is characterized by severe perineal or pelvic discomfort that lasts more than three months, and no infection is observed. Within this category is subcategory all -a and subcategory all-b, in which the first refers to chronic inflammation and the second does not.

In category IV, prostatitis is asymptomatic inflammatory and can be detected with evidence of inflammation on biopsy, prostate secretion, semen, or post-massage urination and has an absence of symptoms.

Acute prostatitis is different from other chronic pathologies since, in the first case, it is an acute infection located in the prostate gland. Generally, it is caused by microorganisms that can infect the urinary tract. If this disorder is allowed to continue without adequate treatment, it can generate from slight sepsis of urinary origin to a prostate abscess, which can be fatal for the patient.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis

The symptoms present in patients with acute prostatitis can be very similar to many pathologies, so it is essential to consult a doctor in any alteration to diagnose the condition correctly.

Among the most common symptoms of prostatitis are:

  • Burning when you urinate.
  • Fatigue.
  • Presence of fever in some cases.
  • The urge to urinate much more often than usual.
  • Shaking chills.
  • Pelvic pain
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in the semen.
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder or starting to urinate.
  • Severe pain when ejaculating.
  • A strong smell in the urine.
  • Genital discomfort.

Causes of acute prostatitis

The causes of acute prostatitis are varied. One of the most frequent reasons is bacteria, especially intestinal bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis. However, it is also widespread to suffer from this pathology due to various viruses that cause alterations in the body.

On the other hand, it may develop from sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Although acute prostatitis is not considered to be spread by sexual contact, being essential to use methods to take care of yourself and avoid this and other disorders. The risk of suffering from this pathology increases due to certain sexual practices, such as having several sexual partners or having unprotected anal sex, or due to disorders in the prostate or urethra, for example, phimosis, injuries to the perineum, a blockage that makes it difficult the flow of urine, after the procedure in which a tissue sample is taken from the prostate, among others.

Acute prostatitis: treatment

The treatment for acute prostatitis can be complicated to prescribe quickly because it is essential first to find the cause. For this, a fractional urine culture is mainly used, in which a first sample is taken at the beginning of urination, the second sample in the middle of urination, a third sample of the secretion resulting from a massage in the prostate and the fourth sample corresponds to urine after massage. However, other diagnostic methods that can be used are the culture of semen, the value of the prostate-specific antigen or PSA in a blood test, ultrasound, and even rectal examination.

These procedures for diagnosing acute prostatitis also help determine the causative agent, so if the pathology develops by bacteria, the doctor will recommend the appropriate antibiotic and the form of administration, which is generally oral or intravenous. And it takes 4 to 6 weeks of consumption; However, the drug depends exclusively on the bacteria, so the specialist must carry out the necessary studies to know it quickly.

Likewise, the doctor can prescribe various drugs to calm the symptoms and improve the clinical picture until the cause of the problem is eliminated. In addition, it may offer you some recommendations to avoid getting worse and try to stop the symptoms effectively, for example, avoid riding a bicycle, do not consume alcohol, use a pillow for sitting on or take a sitz bath with warm water.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Acute prostatitis: symptoms, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system.

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