Salmonella paratyphi A, Salmonella schottmuelleri or paratyphi B, and Salmonella paratyphi C are the causative agents of the infectious intestinal disease known as paratyphoid fever and its three subclasses. This is nothing more than a common generalized bacterial condition in the European continent, and its contagion occurs typically from person to person through contaminated food or drinks. It should be known that salmonella is capable of surviving in frozen states, which is why it is said that the risk of suffering from this condition decreases after eating well-cooked food. The realization of a blood culture or making allows for a salmonella diagnosis. Do you want to know what it means to give part typical B positive? In the following FastlyHealarticle, we will explain it to you.
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Paratyphoid fever: what is it
Medically it is defined as an enteric infection, that is, a gastrointestinal bacterial infection caused by the causative agents:
- Salmonella paratyphi A, also known as salmonella paratyphoid enteritis A.
- Salmonella schottmuelleri or Salmonella Paratyphi B.
- La salmonella paratyphi C o salmonella enteriditis paratifoidico C.
Transmitted orally, developed, and multiplied in the digestive tract, too, finally, be eliminated through the feces. This is the way it spreads. Paratyphoid fever usually starts sharp but has a lower lethality than known typhoid. Paratyphoid fever B is the most common, A less common, and C is extremely rare to find.
The sick man with paratyphoid fever B transmits this disease through direct contact with contaminated feces or urine. It is also easily spread through food, preferably dairy and shellfish previously contaminated by the hands of the sick man or carrier.
What does it mean to give part typical B positive?
Testing positive for paratyphoid B means you have a paratyphoid fever. The symptoms are similar to typhoid fever except for the incredible difference that those of paratyphoid fever are usually mild and less fatal. Paratyphoid fever begins with an incubation period of the bacteria that lasts between 1 and 10 days, depending on the person’s characteristics and the number of bacteria that have entered the body. After the incubation period, the following symptoms appear :
- Fever varies between 39 ° C and 40 ° C.
- Nausea and vomiting
- General weakness
- Abdominal pain.
- Headache or headache.
- Loss of appetite
- Intense sweating
- Enlargement of the liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly).
Once this bacterium enters the body, it can persist as long as the infectious agent is found in the stool. A stool or blood culture can then determine if you are part typical B positive. That is, you suffer from part typical fever. If you do not comply with medical treatment, you can often be a permanent carrier of this disease.
What to do if I test positive for B part typical
If you are typical part B positive, you must follow specific control rules:
- If you are presenting diarrhea, it is recommended not to go to your workplace.
- Before handling food and meals, frequent handwashing is essential, especially after each evacuation.
- Do not shower in pools if it is paratypical B positive.
- You must follow the medical instructions as is to avoid spreading this disease.
- Any person who is part typical B positive must leave their workplace until two consecutive samples of the stool culture show no evidence of salmonella.
- In Europe, people who are paratypes B positive or who have had the disease will not be able to work in activities related to food handling even if they have been cured of the disease. This will prevent an epidemic.
What treatment should I take if I am a typical part B positive
The doctor indicates the treatment in case you are typical part B positive. However, you should know that the ideal is to be treated with:
- Chloramphenicol is the drug of choice, the dose in children is 50 – 75 mg/kg/day orally every 6 hours for 14 days. It is 500 mg orally every 6 hours for 14 days in adults.
- Cotrimoxazole is indicated in children at a dose of 4 – 10 mg/kg/day orally every 12 hours for 14 days, and in adults, 160 mg orally every 12 hours for 14 days.
How to avoid typhoid and paratyphoid fever B
There is no vaccine for paratyphoid fever as exists for typhoid fever both orally and parenterally. However, specific recommendations must be met to avoid suffering from these diseases, such as:
- Proper hygiene and handwashing are essential after each activity that involves handling objects and food.
- Proper disposal of feces.
- Appropriate treatment for drinking water.
- Proper handling and preservation of food.
- Boil or pasteurize milk and all dairy products.
- Cook food properly.
- It is not recommended to eat raw seafood or fish.
According to the Norbert Wiener University of Lima in a study concerning the incidence of typhoid, paratyphoid, and malt fever in Lima, Peru indicates that of 15% of the positive results of any of these three fevers, the frequency of paratyphoid fever is 3%, being the male sex more susceptible. 
Proper hygiene is the only way to avoid giving part typical B positive, that is, suffering from the amount of typical fever. Once the first symptoms appear, it is recommended that you go to the doctor and avoid self-medicating.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.