Colonoscopy is a medical test performed to detect and diagnose abnormalities in cell function and tissue found in the colon area. It is performed by applying a diagnostic imaging device, the colonoscope, which is a long tube that is inserted through the anal rectum and into the colon. With this device it is possible to visualize the image of the walls of the colon in addition to being able to perform other tests such as small tissue extractions or others.
If you have ever had such a test, you will know that before this you need to follow a soft and special diet to cleanse your body. In this FastlyHealarticle we are going to tell you about the diet prior to the colonoscopy , what you can eat and what is better to avoid.
Why Should We Diet Before Colonoscopy?
To perform this body exam there are certain rules or tips that you must follow to prepare your body. You must carry out an evacuating diet that helps you clean the intestinal transit area and allows you to visualize the tissues in an easy and specific way , without solid remains that make you have to repeat the test.
The body preparation should begin between 4 or 5 days before the test to facilitate the digestive transit, the excretion of all solid elements that settle on the walls of the intestine or colon and eliminate them so that the entire area is clean. This test is not pleasant, with a good preparation that will guarantee that you will only have to live it once at a time.
Foods and drinks to avoid
During the 4 days before the test there is a set of foods that you should avoid to help clean the area . These foods should be eliminated because they can cause physical reactions in the cavities, as is the case with foods rich in fiber, or because they can stain them preventing good vision, such as processed foods or beverages with colorants. We leave you with the following list of foods and drinks that you should avoid in your colonoscopy meal plan :
- Chocolate or cocoa.
- Alcoholic drinks.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Processed drinks with colorants.
- Foods prepared with colorants.
- Fruits or vegetables that contain seeds.
- Refined and whole grains.
- Raw vegetables and salads.
- Dairy products.
- Fried food.
- The sauces.
What to eat before doing a colonoscopy
You should eat a soft, low-fiber diet so that your body expels the solid waste that is impregnated in the walls of the colon and the intestinal circuit. The soft diet consists of the intake of light foods, easy to digest and that facilitate intestinal transit. Next, we propose several options for each meal of the day in this diet without residues for colonoscopy :
Pre-colonoscopy diet breakfasts:
- Eggs: scrambled, hard-boiled or omelette.
- White bread: toast, sandwich of soft sausages such as turkey or sweet ham.
- Non-wholegrain cookies and without chocolate.
- Vegetable drinks: soy milk, oat milk, coconut milk or rice.
Pre-colonoscopy diet meals:
- White rice.
- White and non-integral pasta.
- Boiled or steamed seedless vegetables: cauliflower, cabbage, asparagus.
- Baked potatoes.
- Vegetable soup with non-whole wheat noodles.
- Grilled white fish: hake, sole, shrimp, etc.
- Boiled or grilled white meat: turkey, chicken or lean meat, etc.
Pre-colonoscopy diet snacks:
- Fruit compote.
- Baked apple or pear.
- Toast of bread with oil.
- Lactose-free yogurt.
- Transparent gelatin (without colorants)
Pre-colonoscopy diet dinners:
- Pumpkin cream.
- Mashed potatoes.
- White rice with its broth.
- Vegetables soup.
- White bread toast with light sausage (turkey or sweet ham).
The day before the test it is advisable to take all food in its liquid or pureed form. We recommend that the amount of food is less than the previous days and instead the fluid intake is more noticeable. Increasing the intake of infusions, water or broths.
A good way to eat your meals is to choose any of the foods that we have mentioned in the previous lists, cook them steamed or boiled and mix them with some liquid such as broth and pass them through the food processor to make a cream or puree.
What to eat the day of your colonoscopy
On the day of the test, you should avoid any ingestion of solids and reduce the intake of liquids, at least during the 6 hours prior to the test. They will make you take a medicine that you must mix with specific amounts of water, which will be communicated by your doctor responsible for the test. Perhaps you also go through a process of cleaning the intestinal rectum such as an enema.
Other aspects to consider prior to the colonoscopy
Other aspects that you should take into account before the colonoscopy is the ingestion of medications. If you are undergoing a pharmacological treatment, you should ask your doctor if it is compatible with this test, since there are medications that can alter the appearance of the tissues, due to their acidity or any component they have. On the other hand, if you take medications to thin your blood , such as sintrom , you should ask your doctor since colonoscopy can create small wounds and taking these medications can generate internal bleeding. You should also avoid taking iron tablets as they stain the tissues. If you are diabetic and you take insulin, it is essential that you consult your doctor about how you should act in the face of this test.
We hope that this article by FastlyHealin which we tell you how to do the diet prior to the colonoscopy and what you can eat has seemed useful to you and you can consult it before your next tests.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Pre-colonoscopy diet: what can you eat? , we recommend that you enter our category of Medication and medical tests .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.