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Swollen prostate: symptoms, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Sooner or later in our lives, men have to deal with problems in our prostate, that gland that is part of our reproductive system. It is located around the urethra, which is the “pipe” that carries urine out of the body, and as part of its natural process, the prostate grows in size as you age. Complications come when it gets so big that it puts pressure around the urethra and makes it smaller. At FastlyHealwe, explain everything you need to know about an inflamed prostate: symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Symptoms of an enlarged prostate

The pressure exerted by the swollen prostate on the duct through which the urine comes out causes you to have irregular bladder behavior. The urge to go to the bathroom can become more frequent than usual, and you may even wake up in the middle of the night to go. Once in the sink, as the duct is clogged, it can be difficult for you to start, and you may notice that the flow of urine is weak or with little quantity even though the urge has woken you up. It is also possible that at the end, you feel that you still have to continue urinating or that the urine is accompanied by blood.

Depending on why your prostate is inflamed, there is a chance that you will feel burning when you urinate or even experience a fever for a few days. If you meet any of these symptoms, do not forget to see your doctor, early detection can prevent complications such as damage to your kidneys, your bladder, or more severe infections.

Causes of an enlarged prostate

If you are over 50 years of age, it is common for the inflammation to be benign prostatic hyperplasia, a product of the natural growth of the gland. It is not every day that you have symptoms before you turn 40 years old, but some figures indicate that when they reach 60 years of age, more than half of men begin to have them. When they come between 70 and 90 years of age, more than 90% of men have the complications mentioned above, such as getting up to urinate in the middle of the night.

It is recommended that all men over 50 years of age see their doctor and undergo a prostate exam. Some prostatic hyperplasia symptoms coincide with those of prostate cancer, although one does not cause or increase the chances of suffering the other.

A bacterial infection can also cause your prostate to become inflamed. It is expected that after having a urinary infection, epididymitis (swelling of the duct structure of the testicles), or urethritis (inflammation of the duct through which urine comes out), you have bacteria that attack your prostate and inflame it. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can also cause bacterial prostatitis and other causes such as injury to the perineum, a blocked bladder outlet, or phimosis, which is an inability to retract the foreskin.

Treatments for an enlarged prostate

In the case of bacterial prostatitis, the treatment entrusted by specialists will be taking antibiotics, the duration of which will depend on whether it is an acute infection, that is, it begins quickly, or if it is chronic, one that spreads for several months.

If it is benign prostatic hyperplasia, that is, that natural inflammation of the prostate that occurs gradually, there are several types of treatment. Your doctor may order changes to your diet, such as eliminating alcohol and coffee, eliminating medications such as antihistamines, diuretics, and antidepressants, or exercising your pelvic muscles.

Surgery may be required to remove part of your prostate, remove the tissues responsible for the obstruction in your urethra, or widen the duct. There are other non-surgical interventions, such as inserting a thin tube with a tiny balloon through the opening of the penis to reach the urethra and widen the duct, or some medications that may be prescribed to slow the natural growth of the prostate. 

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Inflamed prostate: symptoms, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Male reproductive system.

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