One of the main characteristics of drugs is their ability to produce addiction and dependence, which leads people to consume more to satisfy what they consider a need. It can be defined as a chronic disease in which the brain is affected, due to harmful effects that lead to structural and function changes in it.
The ignorance of the effects of drugs in general, and of cocaine in particular, is a great contributor to people wanting to try them even in small amounts with the idea that it might not cause negative effects, which is a wrong thought, and one that is often the first step to a life of addiction and the serious negative effects of drugs. In this FastlyHealarticle we will talk about the short and long-term effects of cocaine , in order to raise awareness about the serious effects of this dangerous drug.
Table of Contents
What is cocaine
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that comes from a plant, called the coca leaf, from which its leaves are extracted and subjected to chemical treatments until they become the drug that is consumed. Its presentation is in the form of powder or in small white rocks. Cocaine is pharmacologically a naturally occurring anesthesia .
Its form of consumption can be:
- Through inhalation through the nose.
- Mixed with water.
- Injected with a needle.
- Smoked with a pipe.
Cocaine is highly dangerous because it accelerates the whole body and its moods can vary, it produces dependence and in addition to causing serious alterations in the body.
Even with treatment, once a person becomes addicted, it is difficult to remove the anxiety and the urge to use it. Cocaine tends to be more dangerous when mixed with alcohol or other drugs.
People generally take the drug out of social pressure, either because everyone in a group does it, to feel good, improve their mood, to obtain a sense of pleasure or in cases of performance, that is, to improve their performance already be it in some sport or activity.
Short-term effects of cocaine
Cocaine produces effects instantly that the first dose is consumed in small amounts. The first thing the person will feel is a change of mood in which they will become euphoric, with more energy, with particularity of talking a lot and that their mind is always active. This is why the main time of drug use is in social gatherings.
With this mental change the person loses their appetite and does not have the need to sleep , so many people use cocaine to be able to carry out activities more quickly and that they cannot do it under normal conditions; it may have the opposite effect on other people.
In addition to affecting the brain, cocaine produces physiological effects in the body when administered in the short term, these can be such as:
- Pupil dilation.
- Contraction of blood vessels.
- Tachycardia : increased heart rate.
- Increased temperature in the body.
- Increase in blood pressure.
The short-term effect of cocaine but with a greater amount of consumption can be:
- Increased feeling of euphoria.
- The person returns violent.
- Increased anxiety
- Giddiness .
- Tremors in the body.
- Muscle spasms.
- They begin to suffer from paranoia.
It can present, in turn, gastrointestinal disorders such as:
- Abdominal pain.
In the worst case, it can cause sudden death at the first dose consumed, this can be a consequence of:
- A heart attack
- Seizures with respiratory arrest.
Long-term effects of cocaine
Once the use of cocaine has been prolonged for a long time, the brain begins to suffer more alterations than it had been presenting, first it begins to adapt to the need that the effects of cocaine always be present, and the sensation of The gratification produced by the drug begins to be less, therefore the body requires more cocaine consumption , that is, it becomes tolerant and needs more and more doses to be able to present the sensation it had at the beginning.
Some of the long-term effects of cocaine are:
- The person becomes more anxious.
- There is loss of appetite and therefore he looks malnourished.
- He is increasingly irritable and restless.
- In the same way there is paranoia , however, this is worse than at the beginning, the person refers to having hallucinations, in addition to having greater psychological effects.
- There is loss of smell .
- Difficulty swallowing
- Nosebleeds and irritation in the nasal septum that can in the worst cases destroy the cartilage of the nose and alter its shape.
- It also has muscle spasms and seizures with more repetition.
- Increased heart rate can lead to heart attack and stroke.
- The addicted person runs the risk of contracting diseases such as hepatitis or HIV / AIDS if they share needles when injecting the drug.
- In more serious cases, it can lead to the death of the person.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Effects of cocaine in the short and long term , we recommend that you enter our category of Mental Disorders .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.