Proteins are an important part of our body, since they are responsible for making up many different types of substances and cells and, therefore, they fulfill a wide variety of functions in the body. Many of these functions are carried out in the bloodstream, such as albumin, which has as one of its main functions serving as a means of transporting hormones, fats, drugs and many other substances, which adhere to it. To travel through the blood
Proteins, once they have fulfilled their functions and are no longer useful for us, are discarded through the urine, so the study of the protein values in our urine is a valuable element for the evaluation of the condition of Our organism. In this FastlyHealarticle we will talk about normal values of protein in the urine , a test that is usually done as a routine for the diagnosis of many diseases.
Table of Contents
What are proteins
Proteins are biomolecules that are formed from other smaller elements called amino acids, which join together in different configurations to form different types of proteins. They are important within our body, since they contribute widely in the following functions in our body :
- Formation of bones, muscles and other tissues.
- They help prevent infections.
- They help transport other molecules through the blood.
- In addition, it controls the amount of fluid in the blood.
High protein in urine: causes
Alterations in the normal values of proteins in the blood can mean a wide variety of alterations, which can range from a problem in the kidneys that is causing an incorrect filtering of the blood, to a systemic problem originating in some part of the body far from the kidneys. The most frequent alterations related to this are:
- Bacterial pyelonephritis .
- Tumors in the bladder.
- Diabetic nephropathy.
- Damage to the kidneys from the consumption of some drugs.
- Urinary infection.
- Congestive heart failure
- Polycystic disease that affects the kidney.
- Lupus erythematosus .
- Multiple myeloma.
Normal values of protein in the urine
The kidneys are the organs in charge of cleaning the blood, eliminating the waste products of our metabolism, dead cells and proteins that are not necessary, and in the process forming urine that will be excreted. As with many other components, changes in what is considered normal levels of protein in the urine can give the doctor a clue as to what may be the cause of a certain health problem. In general, the protein studied is albumin because it is the most abundant in the blood, and when this is elevated, the condition is identified as proteinuria.
The study of urine that is responsible for analyzing the amount of protein (albumin) present in the urine compares it compared to the amount of another organic compound called creatinine. Protein in urine can be tested through a urine sample with a test paper strip, or a 24-hour urine sample. Next we will mention the normal values of protein in the urine :
- For a random urine sample, normal values are: 0 to 8 mg / dl , although they may vary slightly depending on the laboratory.
- For a 24-hour urine sample, normal values should be less than 150 mg .
Proteins in the urine during pregnancy
It is normal that when you attend the prenatal consultation your doctor wants to perform a test to measure the amount of protein present in the urine with a test strip and this is done in order to avoid pre-eclampsia .
Preeclampsia is an increase in blood pressure in pregnant women, which is usually accompanied by proteinuria, that is, the presence of excessive proteins in the pregnancy. This proteinuria is a consequence of kidney disease caused by high blood pressure, which causes proteins to be eliminated.
Proteinuria exists when it reaches levels between 300 mg or more of protein per liter of urine that was collected during 24 hours or through test strips. So these values may indicate that the pregnant woman is at risk.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.