The lymphatic system comprises a series of vessels, organs, and nodes that carry a substance called lymph, which is responsible for fighting disease and infection. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer of the lymphatic tissue, which primarily affects men and boys; This condition begins in the lymphocytes, a variety of white blood cells; when it reproduces abnormally, it reduces the functioning of the immune system and causes this disease to occur. At FastlyHealwe, explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Symptoms of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma begins in cells called lymphocytes, which are found in the spleen and bone marrow and are part of the immune system. Depending on the location of the lymphoma, the symptoms may change; in other cases, it may be asymptomatic. Among the signs of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, we find:
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, and groin.
- Inflammation of the abdomen.
- Fever and chills
- Chest pain or pressure
- Difficulty breathing.
- Extreme exhaustion
- Profuse night sweats
There are also symptoms that doctors call B symptoms related to rapidly reproducing lymphoma. The symptoms B are:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Excessive night sweats.
Causes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
The causes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are unknown. However, there are risk factors that increase the possibility of suffering from this disease:
- If you are older than 60 years, the age will have more probability.
- Sex tends to have a higher incidence in men than in women.
- Race – White people are more likely to develop the disease.
- Immune system deficiencies, such as those who have undergone an organ transplant or who have HIV.
- Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
The classification of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is comprehensive. However, they can be divided into two large groups related to their speed to spread. The types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are:
- Aggressive lymphomas – They grow and spread rapidly, causing severe symptoms. Diffuse B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, peripheral T lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, and lymphoblastic lymphoma. Paradoxically, they are the ones that react best to chemotherapy treatment.
- Indolent lymphomas: they are known as low-grade lymphomas and are characterized by being less aggressive; however, they are diagnosed at a fairly advanced stage, but they are challenging to eliminate. The most common are follicular lymphoma, small lymphocyte lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma, and cutaneous T lymphomas.
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment
The treatment of non – Hodgkin lymphoma depends on the type of lymphoma that arises, to the stage where you are at the time of diagnosis and age. The types of treatment are:
- Stem cell transplantation to recover the bone marrow.
In the case of low-grade lymphomas, they may not require immediate treatment because their evolution is slower. Although the response to the remedy proposed by the doctor is usually good, it cannot be eradicated, so it can return to appear and generally, it is not cured just by applying chemotherapy. On the other hand, aggressive lymphomas, whose reproduction is faster, respond well to treatment and frequently reach complete remission.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma prognosis
The prognosis for non-Hodgkin lymphoma will vary depending on the type of lymphoma that has developed; in the case of low-grade lymphomas, it may take many years before the disease requires treatment. However, everything will depend on how the cancer responds to the remedy proposed by your doctor.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.