Kidney stones are complex crystallization of mineral matter between the kidney and the urinary tract. Nephrolithiasis, the medical term for this condition, affects one in 20 people at some point in their lives, with men being the most likely to suffer from the disease. Various causes contribute to the formation of these stones, generating a variety of symptoms that disappear when the stones are expelled, either through the urinary tract or by removal through surgical procedures. FastlyHealIn this article, we explain in detail q ue feeling of the passage of a kidney stone.
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Why do kidney stones form?
One of the leading causes of the appearance of stones in the kidneys is the lack of water in the body. Stones are most commonly found in individuals whose water intake is below the daily requirements necessary to maintain adequate hydration. When there is not enough water to dilute the uric acid present in the urine, it becomes more acidic. An excessively acidic environment favors the crystallization of certain substances that unite and form the stones.
In the following article, we show other possible causes of kidney stones.
Types of kidney stones
Knowing the type of kidney stone that one suffers can help determine the causes that generated it, and thus it is possible to avoid the formation of new stones. Among the types of kidney stones, we find:
- Calcium stones: Most stones are calcium, usually in calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a natural substance found in some foods and is also produced by the liver. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, contain it.
- Struvite stones: Struvite stones form in response to a urinary tract infection. These stones are generated and proliferate.
- Uric acid stones: These develop in people who do not drink enough fluids or lose a lot of fluids. Likewise, it can appear in individuals who have a high protein diet and those who suffer from gout, a form of arthritis.
- Cystine stones: These stones form in people with an inherited disorder, which causes the kidneys to excrete large amounts of specific amino acids (cystinuria).
Kidney stone symptoms
A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves inside the kidney or tries to pass through the ureter, the tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder. In this case, the following symptoms could be experienced:
- Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs.
- Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
- Pain when urinating
- Pink, red, or brown urine.
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Persistent need to urinate or urinate more often than usual.
- Fever and chills may indicate that an infection is already present.
- Urinate small amounts.
See your doctor urgently if you experience:
- Pain is so severe that you cannot stay still or find a comfortable position.
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
- Pain accompanied by fever and chills.
- Blood in the urine.
- Difficulty urinating.
What does it feel like to pass a kidney stone or kidney stone?
The symptoms that kidney stones produce when expelled depend mainly on their size. Kidney stones with a height of about 4 mm in diameter can easily pass into the urine without pain or with very little pain.
Depending on where the stone is in the urinary tract, you may or may not feel some discomfort. If it is in the lower part of the ureter, you may feel pain in urination.
With stones greater than 5 mm, the discomfort when expelling them increases. Still, it will never be like the nephritic colic that occurs when the kidney is congested. According to patients, it is an extreme pain covering the lumbar area and reflected in the inguinal region. It is described as intense pain with significant peaks of greater intensity and is often accompanied by general discomfort, vomiting, and nausea that may even occur.
Some small stones can be easily treated at home. In contrast, large rocks must be operated on or treated with other techniques such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). For their part, uric acid stones can be treated by drinking plenty of fluids and drinking water. This can dilute the rocks, making them smaller and easier to pass through the urine.
On the other hand, small stones can be expelled from the body through the urine through various medications, such as nifedipine or tamsulosin, which are taken with plenty of water. Then, it only remains to wait. The speed of expulsion depends on the size and anatomy of each patient.
Some home remedies can be used to help pass a kidney stone. One of these remedies is the bean, which, curiously, has a shape similar to a kidney. Just remove the beans from the pods, boil them and let them cool. The resulting water is taken as tap water for several days. Pomegranate juice and its seeds also have tremendous power to reduce and help expel kidney stones due to its astringent properties and melon, which is also used to help remove kidney stones. In the following article, we show the recommended diet for kidney stones.
Prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, a healthy and controlled diet should be followed to prevent stones, especially for those with a family history of nephrolithiasis. Likewise, the regular consumption of foods with cleansing and healing properties will make it possible to expel kidney stone information or of a tiny size.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to What it feels like to pass a kidney stone, we recommend that you enter our Kidney and urinary system category.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.