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Human brucellosis: symptoms, contagion and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Brucellosis is an infectious bacterial pathology caused by a microorganism known as Brucella. This disease is quite common in animals, so few people know that humans can also suffer. Due to this, the pathology is classified as zoonotic, which can be transmitted both between animals and between people. However, there is also the possibility that a human is infected by a dog, a cow, goat, sheep, or different types of animals that are more prone to this disease than people.

Humans are not usually the target of this type of bacteria so the infection can be an accident in the epidemiological chain. As little is known about this pathology, in the following FastlyHealarticle, we want to offer you much information about human brucellosis: symptoms, contagion, and treatment.

Main symptomatology of brucellosis

Brucellosis has a somewhat variable incubation period ranging from five days to several months. However, the most common is that the first symptoms appear 10 or 30 days after infection.

Just as the incubation period varies slightly in each case, the same thing happens with the symptoms. There may be patients who appear with pretty severe symptoms, others very mild, and even some may be completely asymptomatic, that is, not having any symptoms.

The bacteria travels a path throughout the body that causes various alterations. Its first stop is made in the lymph nodes, so if the individual’s defenses cannot eliminate them, the agent will multiply and reach the bloodstream. At this time, the most frequent symptoms of acute brucellosis can be observed. That is why during this stage, alterations such as:

  • Fever prolonged for several days, which later became sporadic onset, mainly at night.
  • Sweating
  • Joint, muscular and neurological discomfort.
  • Continuous tiredness
  • Difficulties in evacuating stools, that is, they frequently suffer from constipation.

Once the bacteria are in the blood and have access to different tissues and organs, various alterations may appear, such as:

  • Inflammation of the epididymis and testicle, a disorder known as epididymal-orchitis.
  • Local affections of the osteoarticular system.
  • Inflammation in the joint located between the sacrum and the ilium of the hip bone is known as the sacroiliac.
  • Spondylitis is a disorder that causes inflammation of the joints of the spine.
  • Bursitis: inflammation of the structure known as the bursa located between the tendons, bones, and muscles, whose primary function is to facilitate movement and prevent the systems from colliding.
  • Lung disorders include different symptoms.
  • Inflammation in the tendons.

In addition to this, there are certain complications in human brucellosis patients, mainly when the bacteria reach the central nervous system or when they cause endocarditis, inflammation in the inner wall of the heart known as the endocardium. However, these cases are pretty rare, as are those who suffer from skin lesions caused by this bacteria.

If this pathology is not adequately treated, it can cause discomfort throughout life, and, if you have correctly consulted a doctor and have carried out the treatment indicated by him, the symptoms may reappear, mainly in the first three months later. have been infected, so it is essential to carry out a permanent check with a professional.

Routes of transmission of human brucellosis

Brucellosis, also known as Mediterranean or malt fever, Bang’s disease, or undulating fever, is usually spread by contact with fluids from an animal that is infected by the bacteria. A healthy person has contact with the blood, feces, urine, placenta, aborted fetuses, and vaginal fluids of an animal with brucellosis.

Generally, there are usually no cases of contagion among people; these situations have only been detected in people who need an organ transplant, and once infected by the disease, bacteria is placed; However, it can also occur sporadically if you have sexual intercourse with an infected person or it can be suffered by a baby, who is breastfeeding milk from his mother who is sick with this disorder.

The routes of transmission of human brucellosis are usually the mouth, eyes, nose, and skin lesions. The pathological agent enters the body through these routes, so it can also occur through food ingesting foods with this bacterium, which is usually the most constant cause of brucellosis.

Treatment for Brucella infection

As with most diseases caused by bacteria, the treatment of human brucellosis may require a combination of several antibiotics. This is because using a single antibiotic cannot eliminate bacteria and stop them from damaging them, so it is essential to consult with a trusted doctor and follow the instructions they offer rigorously.

Approximately six weeks of drugs prescribed by the specialist will likely be required, with frequent controls being carried out so that the doctor can observe if the treatment is being effective or, if not, change the antibiotics that he considers.

One of the most significant drawbacks of Mediterranean fever patients is the abandonment of treatment due to its duration. This is wrong, as it can lead to significant consequences such as the reappearance of symptoms and, in many cases, make them last for a lifetime.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Human Brucellosis: symptoms, contagion, and treatment, we recommend entering our Immune System category.

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