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High uric acid: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Uric acid is actually a waste produced by the human body and as such, when it accumulates in the body and cannot be eliminated, it can produce negative effects in our body if it accumulates.

Uric acid is produced when purines are metabolized by our body, a type of nitrogen compound that is created in body cells and that can also enter our body through the food we eat.

Uric acid accumulates in the blood and it is through the kidneys and the excretory function that it is eliminated from our body in the urine. However, if there is an excess or if the kidneys do not work normally, this acid may increase its levels in the blood.

But, what happens when we have high uric acid levels? What symptoms are manifested? In the following FastlyHealarticle we will explain everything about high uric acid: causes, symptoms and treatment .

High uric acid: causes

We have already explained that uric acid is the waste product that is created once the purines have been metabolized, that is, it is a product that is created in the body naturally. However, what is not natural is that its levels are elevated, something that can cause different symptoms and even diseases such as gout. Here are some of the causes of high uric acid :

  • Obesity and overweight.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • An unbalanced diet.
  • Excessive consumption of sausages and red meat.
  • Excessive consumption of seafood and fish.
  • Excessive consumption of chickpeas, lentils and legumes.
  • Excessive consumption of cauliflower, spinach, leeks, mushrooms or asparagus.
  • Excessive consumption of products with added fructose.
  • Defects and problems in the kidneys that hinder the elimination of this acid.
  • Consumption of medications that enhance the creation of uric acid.

Symptoms of high uric acid

We are talking about high uric acid, but when are we considered to have excessive levels? Here we explain what the normal values ​​of uric acid should be :

  • In women : between 2.4 and 6.0 mg / dL.
  • In men : between 3.4 and 7.0 mg / dL.

Therefore, when an amount higher than these scales is observed in our urine, we can say that the person suffers from high uric acid or hyperuricemia. If these levels are not very high it is possible that this condition occurs without causing symptoms, however, at a certain point this uric acid can form crystals that solidify and that are deposited in the joints. These crystals can cause sharp pain and the appearance of gout.

In the event that proper treatment is not followed and high uric acid is not lowered, the crystals can end up forming hard deposits in the joints that are known as tophi. In the same way, kidney problems can also appear , due to the formation of stones, and problems urinating .

The incidence of this condition is usually higher in men than in women, in the same way, it is also common for this to happen in people who have had a family history of gout or those who drink alcohol excessively.

Treatment of elevated uric acid

You have to know that most people who have high uric acid, as long as they are kept at not too high parameters, they do not have to develop physical symptoms. In these cases, it is not necessary to start complex treatments either, it is simply enough to limit the intake of products with purines and control the diet a little so as not to promote the creation of uric acid.

Treatment of high uric acid and gout

The treatment for gout is usually classified into two, on the one hand, the one that is given before the crisis appears and, on the other hand, during its appearance.

When there is a gout attack , treatment is usually given with NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . On the other hand, colchicine is also usually administered, a drug that is less toxic to the kidneys and that allows gout to be controlled. However, side effects such as vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea are possible. In the event that the patient is allergic to these drugs or does not tolerate them well, another option may be the administration of corticosteroids. Finally, you should know that you have to avoid the consumption of aspirin. Although it is an effective anti-inflammatory, the reality is that in our body it can hinder the elimination of uric acid, not being recommended in these cases.

Gout attack prevention

But when the gout crisis passes, you do not have to stop treatment, since if this is the case, it will not take long for another to appear. However, treatment should not remain the same, but should focus on lowering uric acid in the body. For this, the drug that is usually used is allopurinol , however, its intake should always be once the crisis has passed, never during it since it could worsen the picture.

Its results are not immediate, it should be clear that it may take a few months for uric acid levels to drop to acceptable values. As we have already explained, the bulk of patients with high uric acid do not develop gout attacks or kidney stones and in these cases allopurinol should not be used. These drugs are only recommended in the event that the first attack appears or uric acid values ​​rise above 10 mg / dl in women or 13 mg / dl in men.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to High uric acid: causes, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Blood, heart and circulation .

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