Home Mental disordersPersonality disorders Borderline personality disorder: causes, symptoms and treatment

Borderline personality disorder: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as Borderline, is a pattern where a person’s affective behavior, impulsivity, and relationships are affected by instability in controlling their impulses. This disorder develops in adolescence or early adulthood. Generally, people who have suffered trauma in their childhood, dysfunctional family relationships, lack of limits, or an attention deficit and hyperactivity are more likely to develop it. At FastlyHealwe explain the causes, symptoms and treatment of borderline personality disorder .

Causes of borderline personality disorder

The causes of borderline personality disorder are related to family, genetic, and social factors. It is also more common in women than in men. Some of the factors that mainly affect the suffering of this disorder are:

  • Physical, emotional, or sexual abuse
  • Childhood abandonment
  • Dysfunctional family relationships
  • Genetic

Symptoms of borderline personality disorder

People with a borderline disorder have an insecure personality, resulting in their actions, interests, and values ​​suddenly changing and going from one extreme to another. The symptoms of borderline personality disorder are as follows:

  • Impulsiveness either in spending, sexual relations, or the consumption of substances or food.
  • Affective instability may present intense irritability, anger, or anguish that only lasts a few hours.
  • Episodes of excessive stress that only last minutes or hours.
  • Inappropriate and challenging to control anger.
  • Fear of being abandoned.
  • Identity problems can lead them to change their opinions, values, plans, and even friendships.
  • Suicidal behaviors.
  • Intense and unstable interpersonal relationships.
  • Feelings of emptiness.

How this pattern is presented can vary from one person to another, and not all of the ones mentioned above may be present, making the diagnosis more difficult and delaying the treatment process; BPD is diagnosed from a psychological examination and if the symptoms have been intensely maintained for 2 to 5 years.

Treatment for borderline personality disorder

Medications are not the main ingredient in treating a personality disorder. Psychotherapy and group therapies are effective since BPD usually brings other psychiatric disorders such as bipolarity, attention deficit, hyperactivity, or depression.

If there are other disorders, treatment should be prioritized over the symptom that most affects the patient. For example, if a person has a borderline disorder and is also addicted to some substances, treatment will begin with a detoxification process, and so on, as the case may be.

The central idea of treatment for borderline personality disorder will be:

  • Increased self-esteem and reinforcement of your identity.
  • Emotional independence.
  • Fight suicidal ideas.
  • Improve communication to ensure better interpersonal relationships.
  • Controlling frustration and stress
  • Management of anger and impulsiveness.


Although there are genetic factors that can produce this neuronal alteration in the control of impulses and emotions, this disorder has its origin in family influence, so it is necessary to know some measures during childhood that could stop the development of this pattern:

  • Value the child and avoid comparisons.
  • Strengthen your self-esteem and the value you have.
  • Allow him to make mistakes and learn from mistakes.
  • It guarantees a healthy environment where the child can develop without abuse or violence.
  • Provide spaces for the child to talk about their feelings and frustrations.
  • Be attentive to manifestations of anger, attitudes of rejection of authority figures, or anti-normative behavior.
  • Do not use children as a means of blackmail in a relationship.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Borderline personality disorder: causes, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Mental disorders.

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