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Asperger syndrome: what is it, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Asperger syndrome is part of the disorders of the autistic spectrum, having as its main feature the difficulty in social interaction and communication. It differs from autism because there is no delay in the speech process. There is a preservation of intelligence; However, this disease is detected in the early stages of childhood; it is not until social contact becomes central in the child’s life that the symptoms develop. Hans Asperger was an Austrian doctor who described this syndrome for the first time in 1943; incorporating this disorder in the manual for diagnosing mental illnesses was not carried out until 1994. At FastlyHealwe, explain Asperger’s syndrome, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.

What is Asperger syndrome?

Asperger syndrome is a pervasive developmental disorder in which there is an abnormality in the abilities to interact socially, they have repetitive features and coordination problems, their thoughts are logical, and the disability they may present is not entirely evident. Asperger syndrome appears later than autism and is usually diagnosed between 5 and 9. Adults with this disorder often have problems with empathy for others; the symptoms of this disorder are continuous and last a lifetime.

Causes of Asperger syndrome

The cause of Asperger syndrome is unknown. However, it is related to genetic factors since it can be hereditary, but the specific gene that causes it is novel; it can also be linked to brain abnormalities because some people have structural differences in brain areas.

This condition is more common in boys than girls. They generally have difficulties socializing; However, their intelligence level is usually above average, and they do not develop curiosity about their environment or skills to take care of themselves.

Symptoms of Asperger’s syndrome

The symptoms of Asperger’s syndrome are often confused with other behavioral disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; however, some of the most common signs that a person with this disorder presents are:

  • They do not respond emotionally to social relationships.
  • His areas of interest are limited.
  • They become obsessed with topics and rarely talk about anything else.
  • They can have a robotic or repetitive language.
  • They do not show flexibility in routines.
  • Motor retardation and clumsiness.
  • They perform very particular gestures or behaviors.
  • They are not very expressive facially.
  • They show sensitivity towards stimuli that others do not perceive.
  • They don’t understand sarcasm or metaphors.
  • They have problems with non-verbal communication.

Most people with Asperger’s syndrome can lead an everyday life and routine, but they are often socially immature and can be considered eccentric. Additionally, they can develop obsessive-compulsive disorders, anxiety, and depression.

To diagnose this disorder, the psychologist will be based on the behaviors that the child presents, cognitive and emotional tests can also be carried out to rule out other conditions.

Treatment for Asperger syndrome

The treatment of this condition is not general; from the evaluation of each child, their weaknesses will be determined, and the appropriate treatment will be carried out as the case may be. Likewise, some programs will facilitate treatment for both children and parents; these include:

  • Psychotherapy teaches the child to manage their emotions and behavior.
  • Occupational therapy to improve your motor skills.
  • Language therapy.
  • Contact with groups to develop the child’s social skills.
  • Training of parents to apply specific techniques at home.

In cases where behavior problems, aggressiveness, anxiety, or depression occur, antidepressants may be prescribed. If you see any strange behavior in your child, do not hesitate to consult a psychologist about the symptoms, the earlier Asperger syndrome is diagnosed, the better the long-term results.

Although social relationships may continue to be a problem, most adults with this disorder lead everyday lives and can develop normally in work environments.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Asperger Syndrome: what it is, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of Mental disorders .

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