The bronchial asthma is a respiratory disease where there is a chronic inflammatory process of the airways, generating a concept called medically bronchial hyperresponsiveness to various external stimuli. It can be said that there is an increase in mucus production that makes it difficult for air to pass through the lungs, this is called pulmonary bronchospasm and is identified by respiratory distress or dyspnea, the presence of wheezing on physical examination of the patient, cough and feeling of tightness in the chest. Asthma usually occurs in periods of crisis after being in contact with the causative agent or in the presence of a bacterial or viral infection.
Before talking about treatment, we must first differentiate what are the risk factors, causes, symptoms and diagnosis in relation to asthma. In addition, at FastlyHeal , we will explain informatively what to do in case of asthma without an inhaler , even though this is the treatment of choice if there is an emergency.
Table of Contents
Risk factors for asthma
Although its cause is not yet clearly defined, it is known that bronchial asthma is associated with family, genetic, infectious, environmental, socioeconomic and psychological factors. Among the most common, the following can be listed:
- Tobacco smoke.
- Exposure to allergens: pollen, dust, mold, pet hair.
- Physical exercises.
- Food allergy: milk, soy, shellfish.
- Anxiety or depression.
- Climate changes.
- Viral and bacterial infections of the respiratory tract.
People who suffer from asthma develop an inflammatory process that remains over time, this makes the respiratory system sensitive to some external stimuli, generating the characteristic symptoms when respiratory crises begin.
Asthma symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
The symptoms that a person suffering from bronchial asthma may present are:
- Dyspnea or shortness of breath
- Respiratory wheezing.
- Cough that is dry at first and little by little with phlegm.
- Chest tightness
In addition to other symptoms such as: abdominal pain, cyanosis, intense sweating, paleness.
To give a reliable diagnosis that a person has bronchial asthma, all symptoms must first be evaluated, a proper physical examination performed, and tests that assess lung function ( spirometry ) must be performed. In addition to performing complementary tests such as: chest X-rays, allergy tests and blood tests.
There are many ways to treat asthma that are tailored to its degree or severity and predisposing factors. The most widely used medications are bronchodilators, which includes the use of inhalers in case of an asthma attack.
What to do if I have asthma and I don’t have an inhaler?
There are two ways to act in the event of an asthma attack, the first preventive and the other therapeutic. In the case of preventive, at FastlyHeal , we recommend the following measures to prevent an asthma attack:
- Increase the consumption of ginger: in conjunction with the medication indicated by the specialist for asthma, ginger is able to enhance the effects of the treatment, it is able to relax the muscles near the airways and allows a better stretching.
- Increase the consumption of vitamin B6: present in whole grains, beans and legumes. This improves respiratory capacity and thus reduces the bronchial asthma attack.
- The consumption of omega-3 present in nuts and salmon: reduces the need for the use of emergency medications such as inhalers.
- Finally, it is known that the consumption of vitamin C, in addition to increasing the immune system in the body, reduces asthmatic attacks.
In the following article, we show more natural remedies for asthma .
And as for the question of how to overcome an asthma attack without an inhaler , the steps to follow are those listed below:
- The first thing to do in the event that there is an asthmatic attack and you do not have an inhaler at hand, is to speak to the emergency service , because there are specialized personnel to treat them.
- As a second step, you should try to stay calm and, in addition, help to relax the person who is suffering from the asthma attack. The idea is to avoid breathing too fast and that the crisis does not get worse.
- It is advisable to keep the patient in the semi-sitting position with the arms raised , this allows the air to flow better in the lungs.
- Finally, another measure that can be applied is the use of nebulization only if the doctor indicates it.
It is always advisable to visit the specialist so that the patient is treated in the appropriate way, taking into account that for an effective diagnosis and treatment, a complete interrogation and physical examination must be carried out.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to What to do in case of asthma without an inhaler , we recommend that you enter our Lung and respiratory tract category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.