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Types of schizophrenia and their characteristics

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Schizophrenia is the most common psychotic mental disorder in today’s population. It is a disorder that causes some social rejection and many people consider schizophrenics vulgarly as “crazy.” However, you should know that with the appropriate medication and with a treatment according to the degree of schizophrenia suffered by the person in question, they can lead a practically normal life equal to that of any healthy person. There are different degrees and types of schizophrenia, so not all people with this disease have the same symptoms and behave in the same way.

If you have doubts about the types of schizophrenia that exist, do not worry because then, in the following FastlyHealarticle, we will detail the types of schizophrenia and their characteristics so that you can differentiate them and know what each one of them consists of.

What is schizophrenia

At a general level, a person suffering from schizophrenia does not know how to clearly differentiate what is real from what does not exist and tends to confuse both terms in their daily life. That is why it does not act correctly in different social situations in which it is necessary to interact on a regular basis. The most common and clear symptoms of schizophrenia are the following:

  • They tend to see hallucinations on a day-to-day basis and imagine things that do not exist in reality.
  • At the moment of speaking and expressing themselves they use a somewhat incoherent and nonsensical type of language.
  • They show apathy for everything around them.
  • They show no interest in communicating with other people and feel comfortable being alone.
  • They tend to have a decrease in intellectual capacity below the average.- They do not show affection towards the social environment that surrounds them.
  • There is quite a significant loss of social skills.
  • Lack of hygiene on a daily basis due to the aforementioned apathy that they show daily.

Paranoid schizophrenia

The person who suffers from this kind of schizophrenia usually has delusions and auditory hallucinations but they usually keep their mental and affective capacities in perfect condition. As for the clearest symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia, they are usually the following:

  • False beliefs that do not conform to reality.
  • They are people who get angry about everything and very often.
  • They tend to have quite a few anxiety and stress attacks which cause them continuous problems.
  • They have auditory hallucinations regularly and constantly.

Disorganized Schizophrenia

A second type of schizophrenia, different from paranoid, is disorganized, in this case, as its name indicates, there is a certain disorganization in the behavior and language of the individual. As for its symptoms, the clearest are:

  • Disorganized language and behavior and quite marked alterations in emotions.
  • They tend to show childish and inappropriate behavior with their real age.
  • They are people who have serious problems when it comes to expressing themselves with others.
  • They do not show affection towards other people who are part of their social environment.

Catatonic schizophrenia

Another type of schizophrenia is catatonic and in it the person in question suffers from some alteration in the psychomotor apparatus. As for the clearest symptoms of said catatonic schizophrenia, the following stand out:

  • Certain passive behavior in the psychomotor system showing total physical immobility and completely oblivious to the world around them.
  • They can also be agitated and move around without purpose.
  • Repetition of someone else’s movements.
  • They flatly refuse to do anything or do totally the opposite of what they are told.

Residual schizophrenia

The residual type of schizophrenia should be used when there has been at least one episode of schizophrenia, but in the current clinical picture the existence of delusions, hallucinations, behavior or disorganized language is not marked, mainly negative symptoms (emotional, social isolation). , poverty of language, lack of interest …).

Postschizophrenic and hebephrenic

The postesquizofrénica is a form of depression that occurs following an outbreak schizophrenic, where it can remain symptoms, but not predominant.

In the case of hebephrenic , the affected person has emotional alterations with strange and inappropriate affective manifestations. It is also known as disorganized schizophrenia, as it is characterized by highly disorganized and repetitive thinking and language.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia

In the case that the person suffers from a degree of schizophrenia that does not present the characteristics described above, it is said that he suffers from undifferentiated schizophrenia . I hope that it has been totally clear to you the different degrees of schizophrenia that exist and the symptoms they present so that you can differentiate them without any problems.

It is important that you remember that in the case of knowing someone who may suffer from some of the symptoms detailed in the previous paragraphs, you must go as quickly as possible to a specialist doctor , such as a psychiatrist , so that he can assess these symptoms and certify that the person suffers from schizophrenia. Despite what a high percentage of the population may think, with adequate and correct treatment, a person suffering from schizophrenia can lead a practically normal life with certain specific differences.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Types of schizophrenia and their characteristics , we recommend that you enter our category of Mental disorders .

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