Home Digestive systemAbdominal pain Inflamed stomach and back pain: causes

Inflamed stomach and back pain: causes

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Bloating or a feeling of a bloated stomach occurs when the abdomen fills with air or gas. This situation causes your abdomen to increase in size and feel hard. In addition, it can cause discomfort, variable restriction of breathing and / or pain, which in some circumstances can extend to your back.

The back acts as a support and stabilization system for your body. You are vulnerable to injury and strain, so it is not uncommon to experience back pain along with abdominal distention. This pain can vary in severity and type, it can range from mild discomfort to severe and disabling pain intensity. Likewise, it can range from a “dull” pain (persistent and diffuse in location, difficult to pinpoint) to a stabbing pain or the characteristic colicky pain (whose intensity varies from time to time).

In this FastlyHealarticle, we will review different situations that simultaneously cause an inflamed stomach and back pain , we will divide them into systems to make them easier to understand.

Female reproductive system

Some of the situations or conditions associated with the female reproductive system that can cause an inflamed stomach and back pain at the same time are those mentioned below.


Menstruation occurs when the uterus loses its lining once a month. Some pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstrual periods is normal. However, it could happen that by extension and irritation abdominal distention and lower back pain occur. In the following article, you can see the causes and treatment of period pain .

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a woman’s emotions, physical health, and behavior during certain days of the menstrual cycle, usually before her period.

It is a formally recognized condition that some women of childbearing age suffer and that can condition the distention or swelling of the belly and be accompanied by back pain.


This is a rare condition in which endometrial tissue forms and develops outside of the uterus. Its symptoms vary and are exacerbated during a woman’s normal menstrual period, ranging from mild discomfort to moderate to severe symptoms.

Due to the existence of endometrial tissue in the abdominal cavity, it generally produces secondarily abdominal distention and accompanying back pain is common.


The signs and symptoms that occur during pregnancy vary greatly from one woman to another. The spectrum ranges from those women who experience virtually no symptoms until the day of delivery to those severely affected from the beginning of pregnancy.

Symptoms will range from nausea and vomiting, fatigue and breast discomfort to abdominal and leg cramps and bloating, constipation, bloating, and persistent pain in the lower back.

Ovarian cysts

A cyst forms when a small mass occurs that fills with fluid. All women, at some point in their reproductive life, will develop at least one ovarian cyst . The problem arises when these cysts, by proximity, affect the intestine and cause reactive abdominal distention, which is usually accompanied by pain.

Ectopic pregnancy

This type of pregnancy occurs when the egg is fertilized and attaches to any site outside the uterus. The presentation will be very variable, depending on the location and the time of evolution. It usually ends up becoming a medical emergency that causes a swollen belly and pain in the back and abdomen, as well as bleeding. In this article, we explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of ectopic pregnancy in more detail .

Ovarian cancer

Like cysts, ovarian cancer has a variable course. If it is not detected early, when it is done, it has already made significant progress. An inflamed stomach and back pain can be some of its first manifestations.

Digestive system

The pain in the pit of the stomach, swelling of this and back pain simultaneously can be caused by diseases that affect our gastrointestinal system such as:

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

A syndrome is a set of symptoms that often occur together. In this case, it is a series of symptoms related to the intestine that are accompanied by an inflamed stomach and colicky pain, as well as heartburn and flatulence. However, the pain can spread to the back.

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a digestive disorder caused by an abnormal immune reaction to gluten. Symptoms usually affect the gut, but can also affect other parts of the body, including pain in the dorsal region.


Gallstones are formations of hard deposits in the bile ducts and / or the gallbladder.

They produce a typical abdominal pain that radiates towards the back and cuts the breath at the time of colic; usually from distension of the upper abdomen in seizures.

Urinary system

As for the urinary system, the causes of the inflamed stomach and back pain together can be:

Kidney stones

Kidney stones form in the kidney. Its symptoms can appear from this location or during its passage through the ureters until it reaches the bladder and urethra.

Due to the location of the urinary system, the pain produced will be reflected mainly in the back and may be accompanied by reflex abdominal distention.

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Infections of the upper urinary tract (kidneys and ureters) can behave similarly to stones and are accompanied by fever, nausea and vomiting, and even diarrhea.

Musculoskeletal system

Finally, back and stomach pain together and the inflammation of the latter are also symptoms that can be associated with:


This rare disease involves the muscular system, causing areas of sensitivity that can be exclusively located on the back and accompanied by distention of the abdomen.


Polio is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. It initially causes painful spasms that can take the back and, by general compromise, can be accompanied by abdominal distention.

Inflamed stomach and back pain: treatment

Treatments for simultaneous stomach bloating and back pain depend on the cause . The first and most important thing is the consultation with your doctor , who will perform the corresponding physical examination and request the studies that he deems appropriate to establish a firm diagnosis. Once the diagnosis is established, it will indicate the corresponding treatment.

Some general measures can help reduce symptoms are:

  • Drink lots of water or other clear liquids.
  • Take OTC medications to reduce gas or acids (antacids, simethicone drops, or digestive enzymes).
  • Don’t drink soda.
  • Avoid eating any food that gives you gas (some vegetables, eggs, dried beans, dairy, high-fructose or starchy products).
  • Eat foods that contain soluble and insoluble fiber (fruits, green vegetables, oat bran, among others).

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Inflamed stomach and back pain: causes , we recommend that you enter our Digestive System category .

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