A stye is an inflamed, reddish bump that appears on the inside or outside of the eyelid when one of the oil glands at the base of the eyelashes becomes infected. This, in addition to this injury, causes various eye discomfort to the patient, such as tearing, sensitivity, and the sensation of the presence of something foreign inside the eye. Mild styes do not require exhaustive medical treatment, as, over the days, they tend to drain on their own and heal favorably. However, it is convenient to know what treatments and hygiene measures should be taken in each case to avoid complications. At FastlyHealwe, explain the causes and the most effective remedies for styes.
Causes of styes
The sties appear when a sebaceous gland located on the edge of the eyelids is blocked and inflamed due to the multiplication of bacteria inside it. This is generally caused by the proliferation of staphylococci bacteria, which live harmlessly on the skin and in the nose but can cause an infection when they enter through narrow openings in the skin or the eyelid and grow excessively.
In addition to this, the most common cause, a stye, can also appear due to chronic inflammation of the eyelids, a condition known as blepharitis. This increases the risk of styes and causes symptoms such as redness, irritation, itching, swelling, tearing, scaling, and crusting. In this case, it is essential to follow the doctor’s treatment and the appropriate eye hygiene measures to prevent the appearance of styes.
Stress and anxiety, hormonal changes, and lowered defenses are other possible triggers for styes. Likewise, poor hygiene habits increase the risk of the eyelids being exposed to infection, so it is important to avoid:
- Touching or rubbing eyes with dirty hands.
- Do not remove makeup from your eyes at night.
- Make up your eyes with cosmetic products in poor condition or expired.
- Change contact lenses without having previously washed your hands.
- Do not disinfect contact lenses before putting them in.
Symptoms of styes
The characteristic manifestation of a style is the appearance of a red and inflamed bump on the eyelid, with a yellow spot in the center due to the presence of pus or fat inside. This lesson is very similar to a common pimple or boil that can appear anywhere on the skin. In addition to the lump described, there are other symptoms such as:
- Pain or discomfort in the eyelid.
- Swelling of the eyelid
- Formation of legañas around the eyelid.
- Gritty eye sensation as if there were some foreign body inside the eye.
- Sensitivity to light.
In most cases, styles develop within a few days and spontaneously drain and heal independently, usually within about seven days. This will happen if the hygiene measures and treatments we explain later are followed, and the doctor’s instructions are respected. It will be essential to consult with the doctor urgently if the style does not begin to improve after 48 hours, if the injury or swelling extends to other areas of the eye or face, if vision problems, tearing or excessive tenderness, bleeding from the bump.
Treatment of styes
As indicated, styes tend to disappear on their own after a few days, so to promote their healing, the primary recommended treatment is to apply warm, moist compresses to the affected area. To perform this procedure correctly, the following steps should be taken:
- Soak a soft towel or gauze in hot water and let it warm a little.
- Place the warm, wet compress on the affected eyelid.
- Hold the compress in contact with the affected area for about 10 to 15 minutes. In this way, the drainage of the protrusion is favored.
- Repeat this treatment 3 or 4 times a day until you observe the improvement of the style.
In addition to this, it is essential to keep the eyes clean and the affected area free of excess oil and scabs. It is best to use a cotton swab soaked in water along the edge of the eyelid to do this. On the other hand, you should not try to burst the style, since this process should occur naturally; or use eye makeup or contact lenses until the infection is completely cured; otherwise, it could spread and become very complicated.
Medical treatment for styles may be based on applying an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory cream or ointment to eliminate the infection and reduce discomfort. Oral antibiotics are not prescribed unless the disease is more complicated and severe.
Finally, if the style does not improve with the previous treatments, is very painful, and does not drain on its own, the doctor may consider the option of a small surgical incision. An opening is made in style with a scalpel to remove all the purulent material inside and prevent it from becoming a recurrent infection.
Natural remedies for styes
It is possible to resort to some natural treatments to cure styes more quickly when it is not a severe infection. They are simple home remedies that can be carried out at home comfortably and that help, above all, to reduce the symptoms that cause this condition. The most effective are the following:
- Chamomile. This plant helps reduce both inflammation and pain caused by the style. You can soak gauze in a chamomile infusion and, when it is warm, place it on the affected eyelid for about 10 minutes. Chamomile or tea bags can also be placed directly on the damaged eye.
- Parsley. Boil some branches of parsley in water for 10 minutes and strain the liquid obtained. Soak a clean gauze and apply it to the eyelid until cool. This will help reduce swelling and tenderness.
- Coriander seeds. Add one teaspoon of coriander seeds to a cup of water and wash your eyes with this preparation 3 or 4 times a day.
- Cucumber. Cucumber is an astringent food with very refreshing effects. Cut a slice of a cucumber and place it on the affected eyelid, letting it rest for about 5 to 10 minutes to reduce inflammation.
- Aloe vera. Aloe vera gel effectively fights infection and promotes healing of the affected eyelid. Wet a cotton swab with the pulp of an aloe vera leaf and gently wipe the eyelid both in the morning and at night.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any kind of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Styes: causes and remedies, we recommend that you enter our Eyes and Vision category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.