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Restrictive cardiomyopathy: causes, symptoms and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

When talking myocardium, it refers to the muscular part of the heart, which contracts and relaxes, called systole and diastole, respectively, for each beat. So, cardiomyopathy refers to a disease of that muscle. In the case of restrictive cardiomyopathy, there is an alteration in the relaxation function of the heart, which causes it not to fill with BloodBlood correctly. When expelling the BloodBlood, it is done in a much lesser way. For this reason, BloodBlood that would commonly enter the heart collects in blood vessels, and diastolic dysfunction and later heart failure develop over time. To diagnose this pathology, medical check-ups should be done annually. At the moment, FastlyHealoffers you information about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Causes of restrictive cardiomyopathy

Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a common disease, and little can be due to different causes; some directly produce restrictive cardiomyopathy, while others are caused by the complications of the disease. The leading causes that have been observed are:

  • Idiopathic, the thickness of the myocardial walls appears normal, and the reason why restrictive cardiomyopathy originated is unknown.
  • Heart transplant.
  • Cardiovascular complications from chemotherapy, for example, due to dose accumulation or exposure to mediastinal radiation.
  • Heart disease disorders affect the heart’s ability and prevent it from working correctly.
  • In hemochromatosis, the heart tissue is affected by iron accumulation in the body.
  • Inflammatory diseases can begin in the lungs or nodes, such as acute viral myocarditis and sarcoidosis.
  • Diseases in which the heart tissue increases thickness and hardens due to the accumulation of some foreign substance, such as an excess of a protein, causing amyloidosis.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Overuse of drugs that can cause endomyocardial fibrosis, such as drugs that contain methysergide and serotonin receptor blockers.

Symptoms of restrictive cardiomyopathy

People with restrictive cardiomyopathy often have the same symptoms as heart failure patients. This is about:

  • Trouble breathing, either at rest or doing some activity.
  • It is swelling in the legs, feet, and ankles.
  • Abdominal distension.
  • Fast and irregular heartbeat
  • Lack of appetite.

Other symptoms, less frequent than the previous ones, are:

  • Chest pain .
  • Decreased urine production.
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Cough and nausea.

Treatment for restrictive cardiomyopathy

There is no specific treatment for restrictive cardiomyopathy. The process is the same as treating heart failure, such as:

  • Monitor heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Avoid eating very salty foods.
  • Control your weight.
  • Avoid cigarettes.
  • Practice some exercise, such as walking or stationary cycling.
  • Rest after exercising.
  • Lower the cholesterol in your diet.

The main objective of the process is to improve the quality of life by controlling the symptoms. In the case of amyloidosis, as there is no cure, it is intended to delay the development of restrictive cardiomyopathy. While fighting hemochromatosis, inflammatory, infectious, or idiopathic diseases, it is possible to slow down the progression of cardiomyopathy. This can be done with:

  • Anticoagulant drugs .
  • Medicines to control the heart rhythm.
  • Diuretics to eliminate fluid retention.
  • Steroids

However, it is necessary to go to the cardiologist, who will assess your condition and prescribe the treatment that best suits your need. It is also essential to monitor the disease.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Restrictive cardiomyopathy: causes, symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our category of BloodBlood, heart and circulation .

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