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Premenstrual syndrome: duration, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on
Premenstrual syndrome:

It is known as premenstrual syndrome, all those physical and emotional changes experienced from the middle of the menstrual cycle, from day 14, until the rule’s arrival. This condition affects about 75% of women of sexual reproductive age, causing physical discomfort and emotional changes that can range from mild to severe depending on the woman. Some modifications in the routine can improve these episodes and reduce pain. At FastlyHealwe, explain premenstrual syndrome’s duration, causes, and treatment.

Duration of premenstrual syndrome

The length of time that premenstrual syndrome lasts can vary greatly. Symptoms usually appear from day 14 of the cycle, and once the egg has not been fertilized, our body begins preparing to menstruate. In some women, symptoms can appear approximately 11 days before the period’s arrival, while others begin to manifest the signs only a few days before the expected date for the rule.

In the same way, the symptoms of this condition, which causes both physical and emotional changes, can vary remarkably, being very intense for some women or moderate for others. If the discomfort is significant, it is recommended to visit a gynecologist to evaluate a possible treatment to make this condition more bearable.

premenstrual syndrome

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

The SPM, as its acronym knows, has implications both physically and emotionally, so you should divide their most typical signs considering both aspects.

Among the physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are:

  • Pain and swelling in the breasts
  • Fluid retention
  • Slight weight gain
  • Abdominal swelling and increased gas
  • Headache
  • General discomfort
  • Increased appetite and craving for specific foods

The emotional symptoms of PMS are usually:

  • Irritability and bad mood
  • Sadness and propensity to cry
  • Tension, anxiety, or increased nervousness
  • Sleep disorders, you sleep less or more.
  • Difficulty concentrating

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

What are the causes of PMS?

The exact causes of premenstrual syndrome are not known. However, it is believed that most of the symptoms could be due to the imbalance that occurs when estrogens increase, although this hormonal increase could not be the reason for all the signs of this condition. That is why specialists believe that various factors such as a woman’s psychological predisposition, diet, and even her environment can also influence the appearance of PMS.

In addition, certain groups are more likely to suffer from this condition, for example:

  • Women between the ages of 27 and 30 or after 40.
  • Those who suffer or have suffered from depression.
  • Women who have had one or more children.
  • Those who suffer from affective disorders.

Is there a treatment for PMS?

Due to the combination of factors that come into play when PMS occurs. However, some crucial changes in our routine can help us reduce discomfort during these days.

That is why at FastlyHealwe, recommend:

  • Perform exercise frequently. Physical activity encourages the production of hormones and neurotransmitters that benefit our mood. Still, it can also reduce many of the symptoms of this condition and make us feel active and in a good mood.
  • Drink at least 2 liters of water a day to prevent fluid retention.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, and healthy foods. Excess fat, junk food, or overeating salt in the diet can make PMS symptoms worse.
  • Eat smaller portions and increase the number of times you eat per day. Eating five moderate meals is ideal.
  • Adjust your schedule to rest at least 7 hours, and adequate sleep is essential to avoid this condition.
  • Performing relaxing activities such as a hobby that you like or disciplines such as yoga or Pilates can reduce your stress levels and the frequency and intensity of PMS.

Recommendations during the days of the SPM

During the days that you suffer from premenstrual syndrome, it is essential to take into account some measures to reduce discomfort, so it is recommended:

  • Reduce your intake of foods rich in salt, which increases fluid retention.
  • Eat healthy to reduce inflammation and abdominal discomfort. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables can relieve pain.
  • Increase the intensity of physical exercise to promote the production of endorphins and improve our disposition.
  • Minimize sugar, alcohol, caffeinated beverages, and tobacco, which increase discomfort.
  • Wear loose clothing that feels good and does not constrict the most sensitive areas of the abdomen and breasts.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that do not squeeze you because, during these days, the feet tend to swell due to fluid retention.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to PMS: duration, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Female reproductive system.

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