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Migraine: symptoms, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

When we have a very intense and repetitive headache, we usually associate it with that something profound in our brain; however, migraines are not the result of brain tumors or severe health problems, but it will be a specialist who can determine it. Migraine is characterized by constant, throbbing pain on one side of the head; It is usually more common in women than in men and can decrease if you are pregnant, it is also common for them to appear between 10 and 45 years of age and can last between 6 to 48 hours. At FastlyHealwe, explain the symptoms, causes, and treatment of migraine.

Symptoms of migraines

To develop the symptoms of migraines, we must first know that there are two types, migraine with aura and without aura. In the first, there is a warning manifestation that the pain is to come, which can affect vision and occurs between 10 and 15 minutes before or up to 24 hours before the headache appears. Migraine without aura is the simple pain on one side of the head that does not present any warning that it will appear.

Typically, migraine symptoms include pain that worsens over time and manifests on one side of the head, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, sensitivity to light or sound, and chills. These symptoms can persist even after the migraine has disappeared, and others may appear, such as drowsiness, neck pain, and feeling mentally dull. This effect is known as a migraine hangover.

Causes of migraines

Migraines are caused by an irregular brain activity, which is given by multiple factors, but not the principle that triggers known. Doctors think this disorder stems from alterations in the brain’s nerve pathways that affect blood flow and tissues.

The most common causes for triggering a migraine are:

  • Changes in hormone levels or contraceptive use
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Skip some food
  • Changes in sleep
  • Caffeine withdrawal
  • To drink alcohol
  • Smoke
  • Intense physical exercise

Other causes of migraine are related to food:

  • Consumption of processed or fermented foods.
  • Foods that contain tyramine such as aged cheese, red wine, some legumes, and smoked fish.
  • Dairy products.
  • The chocolate.
  • Onions.
  • Peanuts and other nuts and seeds.

If you want to know more about what to eat to relieve migraines, we recommend the article Foods to avoid migraines.

Treatment for migraines

The goal of treating migraine will be to assist the symptoms and avoid the triggers. If migraines are frequent, the doctor can prescribe medications to reduce them; you must take them daily to be effective and range from anticonvulsants to blood pressure medications or antidepressants. If you have migraines more than 15 days a month, botulinum toxin type A injection is recommended, but remember that this must be done under medical supervision.

Another option is painkillers when the pain is advanced; however, taking these medications for more than three days can have the opposite effect and cause more headaches. In addition, excess pain relievers can damage the liver or irritate the stomach. Keep a record of what happens in your day-to-day when you have migraine attacks so you will be able to give, with more accuracy, about the activities or foods that can cause you pain.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Migraine: symptoms, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Brain and nerves category.

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