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Kidney failure: symptoms, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Renal failure is the cessation of the function of the kidneys, these play a very important role in our body, such as filtering and cleaning the blood, eliminating excess fluid and toxins, through urine, maintaining the balance of the different substances that are in the blood, and also regulates blood pressure through the elimination of water and sodium. When these processes are not fulfilled, the body begins to have reactions that tell us that something is not working as it should, in case you have problems urinating or the daily amount of this decreases, it will be necessary to consult a doctor immediately. At FastlyHealwe explain the symptoms, causes and treatment of kidney failure .

Types of kidney failure

There are two types of kidney failure , differing in some symptoms and how quickly the disease progresses. Here we explain the types of kidney failure:

  • Chronic kidney failure : kidney function is slowly being lost, where the kidney loses its ability to filter the blood, allowing the accumulation of substances such as urea and its derivatives, in the blood. You may not have symptoms until your kidneys have stopped working.
  • Acute renal failure : is the rapid loss, in less than two days , of kidney function to balance fluids and electrolytes in the body, concentrate urine and eliminate waste.

Symptoms of kidney failure

The symptoms of kidney failure depend on the type of failure you have.

Symptoms of acute kidney failure :

  • Bloody stools.
  • Metallic taste in the mouth .
  • Bad breath.
  • Fatigue.
  • Inappetence.
  • Swelling of the body due to fluid retention.
  • Urinating excessively during the night or the absence of it.
  • Sickness.
  • Hypertension.
  • Constant hiccups.
  • Alteration of the mental state.
  • Decreased sensation in the hands and feet.

Symptoms of chronic kidney failure :

  • Fatigue.
  • Headaches.
  • Itching and dry skin.
  • Weightloss.
  • However excesiva .
  • Frequent vomiting, especially in the morning.
  • Blood in the stool .
  • Bad breath.
  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Sleep problems
  • Interruption of menstruation.

Causes of kidney failure

Similarly, the causes of kidney failure vary depending on the type of failure that occurs.

The causes of acute kidney failure are:

  • Kidney cell damage, also known as acute tubular necrosis.
  • Autoimmune kidney disease.
  • Blood clot caused by cholesterol.
  • Urinary tract obstruction.
  • Decreased blood flow due to bleeding, dehydration, burns, infections.
  • Blood clotting disorder
  • Infections such as pyelonephritis .
  • Complications in pregnancy, such as placenta previa .

Causes of chronic kidney failure :

  • Diabetes.
  • Arterial hypertension.
  • Very high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
  • Glomerulonephritis, inflammation of the glomerulus, an area in which blood leaks.
  • Hereditary diseases such as polycystic kidney disease.

Treatment for kidney failure

The treatment for kidney failure will depend on the cause that produces it and the objective will be to restore kidney functions , this will only be possible through dialysis and in the worst case you may need a kidney transplant .

In the case of acute renal failure, the treatment will be as follows:

  • Limit the amount of fluid you consume to the amount of urine you can produce.
  • Reduce the amount of toxins that are generated in the body, watching the food you eat.
  • Increase carbohydrate intake and lower protein, sodium, and potassium.
  • Antibiotics can be used to prevent or treat infections.
  • Your doctor will tell you how long you should be on dialysis.

For chronic kidney failure, treatment will consist of the following:

  • Keep blood pressure under control.
  • No Smoking.
  • Lower cholesterol levels.
  • Avoid consuming sugar.
  • Medications can be given that prevent phosphorus levels from rising.
  • The nephrologist will show you the process to start dialysis.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Kidney failure: symptoms, causes and treatment , we recommend that you enter our Kidneys and urinary system category .

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