Home Skin CareWounds and injuries How long does a wound take to heal?

How long does a wound take to heal?

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Regardless of age or gender, anyone is prone to injury, from a superficial scratch to a deep cut from an even life-threatening accident. An injury is defined as the rupture of some tissue , mainly the skin, blood vessels, muscles or nerves, due to the action of an external body, as occurs in accidents, blows and falls, surgery, among many others. In most situations there is bleeding, but even if there is not, it is considered a wound, as in the case of burns .

It is important to keep it clean and give it the necessary care so that the wound heals is adequate and does not become infected, especially since some of them may not allow you to perform several of your daily activities, cause pain from rubbing against clothing or simply not they are aesthetic. For this reason, if you have any doubt about how long a wound takes to heal , in this FastlyHealarticle we will inform you about it.

More frequent injuries

The type of wound that occurs will be an important factor in estimating how long it might take for the tissue injury to heal . Many of the wounds that occur are usually superficial or not serious, although it is still necessary to keep them clean.

The most frequent injuries in the population are:

  • Scrapes originate from friction between the skin and a surface, with little or no bleeding because it generally only affects the first layer of the skin. It is very common during childhood or playing sports.
  • Cut , it is the rupture of the tissue by a sharp object, there is generally moderate bleeding, the depth can vary and even damage the muscle or other components. It is usually caused by broken glass, by the knife when cooking and even by turning the page of a book.
  • Burns , is the breakdown or decomposition of the tissue caused by coming into contact with a heat source, electrical charge, corrosive substance, radiation or friction. There is no bleeding, but there are symptoms of pain and inflammation according to the degree of the burn.
  • Puncture wounds are usually painful, with variable depth and can even go through different parts of the body. Depending on the depth and the object there may be moderate bleeding. There is the possibility that a fragment remains inside the tissue and it is difficult to clean the area, being prone to infections such as tetanus. The main objects that produce them are needles, nails, splinters, barbed wire, thorns, tacks, animal bites, among others.

How long does a wound take to heal?

The time that can pass for the wound to heal will depend on several factors, including the type of wound, the depth, the size, the place where it occurred, the care given to it, and the person’s immune system. since if it is deficient it will cost more to repair the damage. Thus, if the wound is small and superficial, it will heal faster than a deep and large injury.

The process begins just at the moment the wound occurs and there is bleeding, depending on the depth it can be light or abundant, this is necessary so that a few minutes later the blood coagulation begins and the bleeding stops. As the clots dry, the scab will form , functioning as a layer that prevents the entry of harmful microorganisms to the tissue below. This part of the process does not usually last more than a day from when the injury originates.

The next stage can last between 2 to 5 days and consists of the intervention of the immune system on the wound to avoid an infection. Internally, the blood vessels are cleared, allowing the blood to pass through and thereby oxygenating the wound, favoring its healing, cleaning and the presence of white blood cells to eliminate pathogens. Due to this action there is usually a little inflammation in the area with the injury , it can become reddish and tender to touch or movement if it is in a joint. You can also see some clear fluid around it, which is produced by the body to help keep the area clean.

After this, the repair of the broken blood vessels will be stimulated and the production of new tissue on the damaged one will begin thanks to the erythrocytes that favor the creation of the fibers, reducing the depth and size of the lesion. During the 20 days that this phase lasts, approximately, you must be careful not to receive blows or sudden movements that will open it again or it will start the process again.

The last part of the process corresponds to healing, which is the maturation and final repair of the wound. At the beginning, the greatest itching sensation occurs and the scab falls off, revealing the skin a little red and stretched compared to that of its surroundings, since the new tissue grows in a different way. In this stage the production of the fabric is by means of other protein substances that form more resistant fibers than in the previous phase, connecting them and increasing their elasticity and resistance almost to the same level as normal skin. As time passes, the activity in the blood vessels is reduced and the new tissue loses its reddish hue .

The duration of the healing can vary, if the wound was only superficial it can take a few months and generally does not leave marks, on the other hand if the injury was deeper it could take up to more than a year, the scar becoming smaller until it almost fades and even disappear completely, although it will also depend on the type of wound and the care that has been taken.

Wound care treatment

Although it is important that you go to the doctor to perform the corresponding healing of the wound and give you instructions on how to keep it clean. When it is not possible to contact him immediately and the wound is minor, you can clean it with mild soap and water, once it dries, place a gauze to cover it , you can also apply a disinfectant if the wound is superficial. If there is a lot of bleeding and it doesn’t stop, apply moderate pressure to the injury with the bandage or a clean cloth.

If the wound is serious, the doctor will heal according to the type of injury and if required will place stitches or staples to close the wound, even surgical intervention if it has been very deep and has damaged an organ or there is internal bleeding. For recovery, he is likely to prescribe the use of anti-inflammatories and pain relievers. If your condition is serious due to the injury, as occurs with major burns, it may be necessary for you to remain hospitalized, otherwise regular visits to clean and monitor the wound are sufficient.

Once the scab has formed, avoid removing or scratching it , as this favors slower healing. You can also consult with your doctor about the use of a topical medication or home remedy to help the wound heal faster or not leave a scar.

When to see the doctor

Many times the wound is not serious and with the correct care at home it does not generate problems for the most part, however there are a series of symptoms that if they appear it is necessary to attend a doctor and rule out any infection, among them the following stand out:

  • The pain does not decrease or is recurrent even with the effect of analgesics.
  • The wound becomes red and yellow pus.
  • You have a fever for more than 4 hours.
  • The wound has opened or the stitches have come off, exposing the tissue.
  • The wound does not stop bleeding even when applying direct pressure.

This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to How long does it take to heal a wound , we recommend that you enter our Skin, hair and nails category .

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