Hip dysplasia is a congenital dislocation of the hip, that is, it already exists at birth and is therefore usually detected in infants and young children. This problem is characterized by a poor alignment of the bones that make up the hip joint, preventing its proper functioning and wearing it out more quickly than normal.
Specifically, there is an abnormal union between the head of the femur, the thigh bone, and the hip socket where it must fit, causing the femur to move outward. It is estimated that 2 out of every 1,000 babies have this disease and need treatment, but early diagnosis usually influences better development. At FastlyHealwe explain the symptoms, treatment and some exercises for hip dysplasia .
Symptoms of hip dysplasia
Although the causes that cause this disease are not exactly known, it is considered that some problems in pregnancy may be related to it. In addition, certain factors such as being a first-born, female, having a family history, being born by cesarean section, being premature, being overweight at birth or suffering from some deformities can predispose the baby to suffer from hip dysplasia .
The symptoms are not abundant, but some of the signs that indicate that dysplasia may occur in a newborn are:
- The head of the affected femur is slightly protruding.
- Difficulty of movement on the side of the body with dislocation.
- The leg on the dislocated side looks shorter.
- Uneven skin folds on buttocks or thighs.
After 3 months of age, the leg in question may turn out or be shorter than the other. When the child begins to walk, symptoms may include:
- Cojera the congeneo al floor.
- Walk on the toes of the shorter leg, that is, on tiptoe.
- Inward curvature of the lumbar region.
In adults who have not been detected hip dysplasia , over the years it can cause:
- Pain when walking and lameness.
- Functional disability.
- Loss of strength in the leg in question.
Treatment of hip dysplasia
If the disease is diagnosed during the first six months of life, the so-called Pavlik harness is usually used, which allows the baby’s legs to be kept apart and turned outward, so that it holds the joint in place while the child begins to grow. However, its application is much less effective if it is used in older children.
In this second case, and also when the diagnosis is made in adults, surgical intervention is usually chosen. This is aimed at preserving the joint and relocating it in its place, but in cases where the hip is severely damaged, it may also be decided to replace it and place a hip replacement.
Exercises for hip dysplasia
After the operation, it is necessary to place a splint on the leg in question for a while. Afterwards, it will be advisable to perform some physical therapy exercises that allow the hip to be stretched and to keep the joints properly lubricated.
To do this, we recommend that you try to maintain as much mobility as possible in the hip, stretching in all directions, but always without forcing, especially when you feel pain. Here are some indications:
- Whether standing or sitting, move your leg away from your body to the side, and try rotating it in and out as well.
- Lying on your back, bring your knee up to your chest and keep your other leg straight. Then repeat with the other knee.
- Hold the stretches for 15 to 30 seconds, and aim to do the exercises for about 10 minutes a day.
Despite these tips, it is best to go to a physiotherapist to help you with the exercises and give you instructions adapted to your specific case.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Hip dysplasia: symptoms, treatment and exercises , we recommend that you enter our Bones, Joints and Muscles category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.