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Genital labia pain: causes and medical treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on
Genital labia pain

Many women have suffered at some point in their lives from Pain in the genital lips. There are many causes capable of triggering this symptom. Some of them range from infectious processes or trauma to poor hygiene habits.

It is essential to know the causes that cause pain in the genital lips to prevent it from getting worse and make an accurate diagnosis quickly and assertively. In this way, it will be possible to start the appropriate treatment in the shortest possible time by the hand of a specialist doctor in the area.

If you want more information about the d smell on the labia, its causes, and treatment, read the following article FastlyHeal.

Genital labia pain: causes

The appearance of Pain in the genital lips can occur in women for different causes, among which are:


One of the causes of pain in the genital lips is the inflammation of the Bardolino glands due to infection or the presence of cysts. The Bardolino glands are located in the vagina, specifically between the hymen and the vaginal lips, and their inflammation causes:

  • Pain in the genital lips
  • Color change
  • Swelling of the genital lips and irritation
  • Bartholin’s glands enlargement

The gynecologist will be in charge of specifying the cause of the inflammation and its treatment. You can find out in more detail in the article Bartolinitis: causes, symptoms, and treatment.


It is a discomfort that occurs in the area around the vulva and is characterized by pain, irritation, burning, and inflammation, which can last a few months and even years.

It causes pain in the genital lips when having sexual intercourse or being in the same position for a long time, especially sitting.

Consultation with the gynecologist is essential for the diagnosis.

premenstrual syndrome

It can cause emotional and physical discomfort that appear days before menstruation, ranging from slight discomfort in the area to Pain, tingling, or swelling due to hormonal changes.

Keep learning in the article Premenstrual syndrome: duration, causes, and treatment.


It is also known as vulvovaginitis and is due to an infection or inflammation of the vagina. It can affect the genitals of the woman, causing Pain, itching, vaginal discharge, and a fishy smell. This alteration frequently occurs in women of childbearing age.

It occurs when there is an imbalance in the bacteria or yeasts that habitually inhabit the vagina.

Vestibulitis Vulvar

This alteration is called in this way because it affects the vulvar vestibule and is characterized by an inflammation in the opening of the vagina and the internal part of the genital lips. This alteration can affect the daily life of patients due to pain and inflammation in that area.

Vulvar vestibulitis can become chronic, lasting for months and even years.

Vaginal infections

The vast majority of them cause a series of symptoms at the level of the genital lips, including irritation, pain, and burning, which can be produced by lack of hygiene in the genital area and excess heat and moisture in the vulva.

Sexual intercourse

Sexual contact is a cause of occasional genital labia pain due to excessive contact, rough penetrations, or lack of lubrication. All of them can trigger Pain in the genital lips.

Genital trauma

Suffering from an impact at the genital level causes Pain in the genital lips, either from continuous exercise or accidental trauma to the genital area.

Wearing close-fitting clothing

The use of lycra underwear or clothing that is very tight to the body, such as pants or shorts, can give rise to infectious or traumatic processes that result in pain and inflammation in the genital lips.

Genital labia pain: causes

Pain in the genital lips during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the vaginal area undergoes different changes, and sometimes vaginal Pain caused by discomfort in the pelvic area may occur. These pelvic and vaginal discomforts may be related to the displacement of the birth canal that sometimes happens during pregnancy. In addition, as labor approaches, it is average for the vaginal area to widen, and genital cramps that cause pain may appear. If these annoyances are very intense or appear at the beginning of pregnancy, it is essential to go to the gynecologist.

Other conditions that could cause genital labia pain during pregnancy include:

  • Bacterial or fungal infections can cause inflammatory processes accompanied by Pain in the genital lips.
  • Vulvar varicose veins: many women during pregnancy have increased volume in both the labia majora or minora due to increased pressure and the size of the uterus, which gives rise to vulvar varicose veins. These lesions are observed more frequently in: women who have undergone several deliveries, remain in the same standing or sitting position for a long time during pregnancy, suffer sudden temperature changes, wear tight clothing during pregnancy. pregnancy
  • Increased vaginal discharge: the hormones present during pregnancy and the increased vascularity of the genital area promote increased vaginal moisture, which is known as pregnancy leukorrhea. This can cause lesions on the genital lips such as itching, burning, and Pain. In this case, it is essential to take care of genital hygiene by keeping the area dry and changing underwear frequently.

Genital labia pain: treatment

The treatment of pain in the labia depends on the causes of this symptom. The gynecologist is the specialist in this area, who, after evaluation, will establish a prescription according to the signs that the patient presents.

In cases due to a bacterial or fungal infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics or antifungals to treat this condition. The treatment must be taken for the time specified by the doctor to avoid future relapses.

To Relieve Pain, you can indicate analgesics and anti-inflammatories orally or topically.

Oral or topical antibiotics should be indicated to treat vaginitis caused by a bacterial infection. In cases where an active sexual life is carried out, a condom should be used during intercourse.

When it comes to vulvodynia, the treatment is personalized. It consists of alleviating the symptoms that the patient presents. It is based on steroids, antidepressants, and antihistamines to relieve itching.

In some cases, surgical intervention may be required, as in the case of bartolinitis, where the procedure is based on the removal of the gland or, in milder cases, on the drainage of it.

Genital care is essential to avoid discomfort in this area, especially hygienic measures, and gynecological consultation. It is necessary to go regularly to the consultation with the specialist to prevent discomfort or pain in the genital lips.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Pain in the genital lips: causes and medical treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Female reproductive system.

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