The breasts are a significant part of the woman’s body that requires attention and care. It is a commonplace and recommended that all women have a breast examination before reaching 40 years of age, either for simple prevention or for the feeling that there is something different, as in those cases in which the presence is felt of a strange mass.
Fibrocystic mastopathy is one of the most common alterations that a woman can suffer from, and its name generates a lot of concern and questions. Although this condition is not dangerous, it can be uncomfortable on many occasions. In this FastlyHealarticle, we will answer all your concerns and explain what fibrocystic mastopathy is: causes, symptoms, and treatment.
What is fibrocystic mastopathy?
It is a breast disorder that consists of painful lumps due to an increase in breast tissue devoid of malignancy. Frequently it is more localized in the upper area extending to the armpits. It can appear in both breasts or more lumps in one compared to the other.
It can affect women of any age after their menstruation, but it is more common in those around 35 years of age. Fibrocystic mastopathy is a benign disorder that should not generate fear in women.
Causes of fibrocystic mastopathy
Fibrocystic mastopathy is caused by an imbalance or change in female sex hormones, which causes the appearance of breast lumps or cysts. It is related to the levels of hormones present in the ovaries or with menstruation and is more frequent in:
- Women suffering from obesity
- Women who have huge breasts
- Women who eat a high-fat diet
- Women with a lot of caffeine consumption have a higher risk of developing the
- Those cases in which more women in the family have suffered from it.
Fibrocystic mastopathy: symptoms
It is characterized mainly by lumps or fibrous tissue. The physical examination shows that they are defined and move when touched with the fingers.
The tender and painful area is generally more common in the outermost area near the armpits. This pain occurs days before the menstrual cycle, and there is a pricking sensation, in addition to the presence of lumps that can be of variable sizes.
How Fibrocystic Mastopathy Is Diagnosed
Every woman must have a breast exam frequently, and if you cannot go to a medical center to have it done by a professional, you can do it yourself from the comfort of your home.
It would be best if you were naked and lying on your back or standing in front of a mirror. Place your hand behind the head, and with the fingers of the other, press gently to examine the breast. You should also feel the armpit area as the breast tissue extends. You should also explore the nipples to see if there is any discharge, and together you should look in the mirror at your breasts to see if there is no change in skin or shape.
It is usual for women to present some lump, but the frequent performance of this examination will show if there is any noticeable change in them.
If you have witnessed the lumps or discharge, perform this examination again after the end of the menstrual cycle. If the change persists, medical assistance is necessary.
Fibrocystic mastopathy; treatment
Treatment for fibrocystic mastopathy requires treating the pain and cysts, but treatment must be individualized. To relieve pain is the use of painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol. In addition to using a bra with good support, it has also been observed that some women use cold or warm compresses to relieve pain.
Here are a series of tips for the treatment of fibrocystic mastopathy :
- It is highly recommended to improve your diet by avoiding the consumption of fats and caffeine since they have been associated with the appearance of cysts.
- To reduce cysts, treatment requires oral contraceptives prescribed by the treating physician.
- Puncture and aspiration with a needle of the fluid contained within the cyst may also be considered, relieving pain.
- In advanced cases where the puncture is not sufficient, surgical removal of the cysts is considered to relieve symptoms.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Fibrocystic mastopathy: causes, symptoms, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.