The effusion in the eye, known in medicine as a subconjunctival hemorrhage, is a bright red spot that appears on the white part of the eye (sclera), commonly caused by the rupture of one or more blood vessels or capillaries found in this part of the eye. When this happens, the blood does not go to the outside but remains trapped in the anterior area of the eye, between the sclera and the bulbar.
When this condition occurs, it does not usually cause any symptoms or pain; there are no secretions or changes in vision. The only manifestation of an eye spill is the red patch of blood that tends to fade progressively over the days. In this FastlyHealarticle, you can learn more about eye effusion: causes and treatment.
Causes of eye effusion
The white part of the eye, known as the sclera, is covered by a transparent tissue called the bulbar conjunctiva. This thin membrane is like a skinny and elastic fabric that fulfills the function of protecting the sclera and the eyes and lubricating the cornea. When an outflow occurs in the eye, one of the blood vessels containing the bulbar conjunctiva has broken, causing a bright red spot on the white of the eye.
There is no way to prevent or suspect that an eye effusion is about to happen, and there are many causes for subconjunctival bleeding to occur. This condition commonly occurs due to a sudden increase in blood pressure, which can cause solid coughs and sneezes that stimulate the rupture of blood vessels. Other factors that are associated with the causes of eye effusion are:
- Trauma to the eye.
- Scratching the eye very roughly.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Mellitus diabetes.
- Medications that alter blood clotting.
- Viral infections
- Eye surgeries.
When eye-bleeding occurs in a newborn, it is believed to be caused by changes in the baby’s blood pressure during delivery. When the ocular effusion becomes a frequent symptom or is very alarming, it is necessary to go to the ophthalmologist to assess the risk factors that may suggest bleeding.
Eye effusion treatment
Given that the spill in the eye does not represent a dangerous condition or compromise the person’s vision, no treatments offer to cure this condition in the sclera, but the bright red spot will gradually fade on its own with the days go by. However, when an eye bleed occurs, the person must begin to check their blood pressure more frequently. Eye effusion has nothing to do with eye pressure.
In general, the effusion disappears between 8 and 10 days after its formation, although it can last up to a month, and it is normal for the white part of the eye to turn yellow during recovery. When the spill is beginning, the red spot may be small; however, it is normal for it to increase in size with time, so there is no need to be alarmed.
If the eye spill causes annoying irritation in the eye, this discomfort can be soothed with artificial tear drops to help heal the outer part of the eye.
Eye effusion due to trauma
When the ocular effusion is caused by trauma to the eye, it is essential to go to the doctor to examine the eye and rule out that it has suffered some internal injury that requires treatment or surgery. In these cases, it is essential to follow the following tips:
- Do not exert any pressure on the eye.
- A patch or gauze may be placed on the eye, and blood is coming out.
- It is essential not to take any medicine, as they can interfere with bleeding.
- On the way to the health center, it is essential to keep your head consistently elevated and back to avoid increasing the spill.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Eye Spill: Causes and Treatment , we recommend that you enter our Eyes and Vision category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.