Home Kidneys and urinary systemInfections of the urinary tract Dysuria: definition, causes and treatment

Dysuria: definition, causes and treatment

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

Dysuria is difficulty urinating, often accompanied by pain and fever. Dysuria is not a disease by itself but manifests some urinary infections, such as cystitis, which is very common in women. At FastlyHealwe will explain everything about dysuria: definition, causes, and treatment, so that you know how to recognize it, how to treat it as soon as possible if you suffer from it, and learn to define, correct them, the causes that may have caused it.

What is dysuria

Dysuria occurs more often in women than in men and is a symptom that is usually related to a urinary tract infection, causing difficulty urinating. Patients often feel discomfort and significant discomfort every time they go to the bathroom; usually, dysuria is defined as burning and pain during urination.

When dysuria occurs, the need to go to the bathroom frequently is common, although the amount of urine evacuated is very little. Sometimes this urine can be accompanied by blood.

Here we explain what the main symptoms of dysuria are:

  • Pain, stinging or burning during or after urination.
  • Pain in the lower part of the belly.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Fever.
  • Shaking chills.
  • Pollakiuria, or increased frequency of urination.
  • Urination urgency.

Dysuria: causes in women and men

Dysuria is usually related to a urinary tract infection, such as cystitis or urethritis, although it can also occur from other causes. As mentioned above, dysuria associated with cystitis or urethritis tends to be more common in women than in men. This is because the urethral duct is shorter in women than in men. It is usually pressed during sexual intercourse or pregnancy, thus being susceptible to suffering minor microscopic wounds or causing a blockage in the urine—, which would give way to a subsequent infection.

Let’s now look at some of the most common causes of dysuria :


It is usually the most common lower urinary tract infection, especially in women, generally caused by bacteria. It involves the urethra and bladder and, if treated, is usually not serious. However, the infection can spread to the kidneys without treatment, causing pyelonephritis .

The causes that are usually related to cystitis are:

  • Lack of hygiene
  • Trauma during sexual intercourse
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • urinary catheter
  • Diabetes
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Blockage of urine

In turn, the symptoms of cystitis are the following:

  • Pain or stinging when urinating
  • Pain in the lower belly
  • Frequency in urination
  • Fever
  • Shaking chills
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Dark or blood-stained urine


Another common cause of dysuria is urethritis, which only involves the urethral canal. It usually occurs in men and women, and the causes are generally very similar to those that produce cystitis.

Other causes that can also cause urethritis are:

  • Some viruses, such as the herpes simplex virus
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia or gonorrhea)
  • Injuries
  • Sensitivity to some chemicals (creams, gels, contraceptives …)

The most common symptoms of urethritis in men :

  • Pain when urinating and during sexual intercourse
  • Frequent urination
  • Burning or itching around the penis
  • Blood in urine or semen

The most common symptoms of urethritis in women :

  • Pain when urinating and during sexual intercourse
  • Frequent urination
  • Burning or itching in the urethra or vulva
  • Blood in urine or after sexual intercourse
  • Pelvic pain
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge


Prostatitis is an infection of the prostate and is the most common cause of urinary disease in men. This infection often appears after a condition of the urethra or because of some blockage that prevents the expulsion of urine. Injuries and phimosis (difficulty in contracting the foreskin) are also related.

Sexually transmitted diseases are also often involved, although, as we have already seen, they are not the only cause.

Among the symptoms of prostatitis include:

  • Pain or burning when urinating and during sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the lower back or lower abdomen
  • Fever
  • Redness on the penis
  • Frequency in urination
  • Blood in semen
  • Foul odor in urine
  • Weak urination

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are accumulations of material that come from the urine. They tend to block the urinary tract, producing symptoms related to dysuria, renal colic, and blood in the urine.

Kidney colic is usually quite painful and sometimes puts the patient’s health at risk.

The symptoms of a kidney stone are:

  • Urine obstruction
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain when urinating
  • Fever
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the part of the kidneys
  • Pain in the genital or abdominal area
  • Other causes

There are other causes of dysuria, such as:

  • Some cancers: bladder or prostate.
  • Sexually transmitted infections: like gonorrhea and chlamydia.
  • Hormonal problems
  • Benign prostate hyperplasia is an enlargement of the prostate produced by androgens.
  • Endometriosis, in which tissue endometrial is expelled during menstruation, grows in the urethra and bladder, blocking the release of urine.

Treatment for dysuria

Treatment is usually based on antibiotics, depending on the cause that caused the dysuria. Antibiotics improve symptoms quickly. Meanwhile, pain relievers can help mitigate inflammation and pain in the bladder or lower back.

It is essential to drink plenty of water, which will help clean the urinary tract and prevent dehydration. Avoiding alcohol, coffee, and sugary drinks is crucial, not further irritating the urinary tract.

As a complement and home remedy for dysuria, you can use infusions that help fight bacteria and improve the expulsion of urine, such as:

  • Horsetail, which is very diuretic.
  • Blueberry is very common in the prevention and treatment of cystitis.
  • Antiseptic Rosemary.

Sitz baths in warm water with infusions of medicinal plants or vinegar are usually very effective to calm the burning in the genital area, and the application of aloe vera gel, which in addition to refreshing and relaxing itch, works as a powerful bactericide.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Dysuria: definition, causes, and treatment, we recommend that you enter our Kidneys and urinary system category.

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