The nasal septum or nasal septum is a straight structure of cartilage and bone that separates the nostrils, extends from the tip of the nose to the end of the nostril in the pharynx and is lined on each side by the nasal mucosa. It has the primary function of regulating the air flow that enters the nasal cavity and supporting the mucosa and nasal pyramid.
In some cases, curvations in the septum are observed that generally do not cause a problem, but if this interferes with air flow, we are talking about a deviation of the nasal septum. Some of the symptoms that occur are, mainly, respiratory failure, there may be loss of smell, nasal bleeding and nasalized voice, in more severe cases it could cause inflammation, accompanied by pain and fever. If you think you have this condition, at FastlyHealwe explain everything you need to know about a deviated nasal septum: causes and treatment .
Table of Contents
Causes of deviated nasal septum
The deviated nasal septum can occur at any age and for various situations, some less common than others, such as the abnormal development of the palate or sinuses of the nose, even an incorrect departure of the definitive teeth. Some of the causes of deviated nasal septum are:
- Congenital disorder : deviation of the nasal septum can originate during intrauterine development, possibly caused by compression of the nose during childbirth or by incorrect growth of the septum from its ossification centers.
- Nasal trauma : if the blow or fall that involves the septum occurs in the growth stage, it can modify the core of the cartilage and its bones, causing persistent deformities at a later age and presenting symptoms of nasal obstruction. Likewise, it can occur in adulthood due to accidents at work, at home or in the automobile, while practicing a sport or due to assaults. These traumas could involve, in addition to the nasal septum, the nasal pyramid, aggravating the symptoms and requiring surgical intervention.
- Disorders of facial development : such as that produced by the so-called adenoid facies. This condition is frequently caused by adenoid hypertrophy , it is characterized by the difficulty to incorporate the correct air flow through the nasal cavity and originates during the development stage of the child’s facial structures, so when adapting to mouth breathing produces a series of deformations in the face, such as the abnormal development of the nasal pyramid and the septum.
Symptoms of a deviated nasal septum
The symptoms of a deviated nasal septum are the following:
- Sinus infections.
- Sleep apnea.
- Facial pain
- Loss of the ability to smell.
Only in severe cases of a deviated nasal septum will there be symptoms of respiratory distress .
Treatments for a deviated nasal septum
To correct the nasal septum, a surgical intervention is necessary, but it can only be carried out when it is a serious case, where the clinical manifestations affect the health of the patient, such as greater difficulty in breathing or recurrent nosebleeds . Some of the treatment options for a deviated nasal septum are:
- Treatment by septorhinoplasty : this technique is used when there is a complex deviation that involves the septum and the nasal pyramid, it can be performed through the nostril. You should go to the doctor to assess the symptoms you present and prescribe the treatment that best suits your condition.
- Septoplasty treatment : c onsiste making a cut of approximately 2mm in the side wall of the nose, the nasal septum allowing address and lift the mucous membrane covering. Later, the surgeon will rearrange or remove the cartilage or bone that is restricting air flow or other adverse discomfort. Eventually the incision will be sutured or nasal splints will be put on.
- Endoscopic Septoplasty : in this technique a limited cut is made and it is approached only through the obstructed fossa, minimizing lacerations in the mucosa. In addition, there is a better visualization of the nasal cavity, which makes it a safer technique in pediatric patients. It also favors the postoperative evolution.
The deviation of the nasal septum generally does not cause complications and the symptoms in mild cases can be alleviated with decongestant medications, nasal spray and antihistamines
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
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I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.