A vast majority of us have had Chickenpox at some time in our lives, usually as children. Who does not remember those species of spots that were multiplying by our bodies and by that of our classmates? Because it is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. But it does not only affect the child population; there is also a variant type of adults, called herpes zoster, which has more severe implications and consists of the subsequent reactivation of the virus. At FastlyHealwe, explain everything about Chickenpox, its symptoms, and its treatment.
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Causes of Chickenpox
Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and causes patches that itchy blisters may accompany. It is transmitted through tiny drops or secretions transported through the air, especially when the patient coughs or sneezes. However, it can also be spread by contact, even with objects that have been contaminated. It is a mild disease that mainly affects children under 12 years of age and usually goes away independently.
It is essential that if someone close to you suffers from this condition, sharing all kinds of personal items is avoided as much as possible to avoid the exchange of fluids and thus contagion.
In addition to the spots or rash so characteristic of this condition, the symptoms of Chickenpox that precede the appearance of these marks are the following symptoms:
- Stomach pain and poor appetite
This disease manifests itself between 10 and 21 days after the infection has occurred, and where the small reddish spots usually appear first is on the face, the middle part of the body, or the scalp. After a few days, they transform into blisters with a transparent liquid, and when they burst, they leave minor open wounds that, when dry, form scabs that usually come off in a couple of weeks.
Most chickenpox rashes do not leave scars unless they are infected with bacteria from scratching or the patient suffers from skin disorders such as eczema, in which case things get worse. Blisters can also appear in the mouth, eyelids, rectum, vagina, and airways.
Chickenpox is usually treated in two ways: one antiviral, to directly attack the varicella-zoster virus, and the other to alleviate the symptoms. The second is generally carried out through pain relievers, antihistamines, and creams or lotions that soothe the itch, but the following tips also help make the disease more bearable :
- Avoid scratching.
- Use fresh, soft, and loose bedding so that itching does not worsen.
- Warm baths with oatmeal or cornstarch help soften the skin and disinfect the wounds caused by blisters.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to excessive heat and humidity.
In case of bacterial infection, antibiotics are also prescribed. If serious complications arise, antiviral drugs are used, such as acyclovir or alpha-interferon, but for this, it is essential to see a doctor make a correct diagnosis.
The best solution against Chickenpox is to get vaccinated on time since the vaccine against this disease is effective in 80% of cases. It is usually given in two doses, one in children between 12 and 15 months of age and another when they are between 4 and 6 years old.
This article is merely informative, at FastlyHeal .com we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Chickenpox: symptoms and treatment , we recommend that you enter our Skin, hair and nails category .
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.