Cervical dysplasia is related to changes in the cells of the cervix and could be considered a precancerous symptom since, if left untreated, it can cause cervical cancer. This condition can occur at any age and does not generate symptoms, in most cases, and depending on the type of dysplasia that happens, it may or may not need treatment. However, it is possible to prevent cervical dysplasia. At FastlyHealwe explain the causes and treatment of muscular dysplasia.
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Causes of cervical dysplasia
The cause of cervical dysplasia is mainly the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is spread through sexual contact, and depending on the type of HPV, the consequences could be cervical dysplasia, cervical cancer, or genital warts. Some risk factors that can increase the chance of cervical dysplasia are:
- Having had a pregnancy before the age of 16.
- Have sex before 18.
- Having other diseases such as diabetes or HIV
- Have multiple sexual partners.
- It was consuming medications that suppress the immune system.
Types of cervical dysplasia
The classification of the types of cervical dysplasia will depend on the number of abnormal cells that are present in the uterus:
- Mild dysplasia: This means that only about a third of the cells in the cervix are abnormal and usually go away without treatment.
- Moderate dysplasia: Treatment is necessary, and at least half of the cells are abnormal.
- Severe dysplasia: in this case, the cervical cells are almost all abnormal, a precancerous symptom.
Although cervical dysplasia does not present symptoms, vaginal bleeding or pain in the lower back will occur if it is progressing. In this case, you must visit the gynecologist immediately since the problem could move towards cervical cancer.
Diagnosis of cervical dysplasia
To diagnose cervical dysplasia, it will be necessary to perform a Pap test or cytology. If the results are abnormal, it will be essential to perform a biopsy where part of the tissue from the cervix will be extracted to evaluate the cells found in greater detail. They’re the type of dysplasia suffered. The treatment that should be carried out will be determined. Finished.
Treatment for cervical dysplasia
The treatment for cervical dysplasia depends on the type of dysplasia is present. In the case of mild dysplasia, the patient should be under observation, and you should have a cytology every 6 or 12 months. If it does not improve or disappear, surgery should be performed to freeze the abnormal cells.
For moderate and severe dysplasia, laser treatment may burn the abnormal tissue. On the other hand, we have electrosurgical excision, in which electricity is applied to eliminate cells. Finally, there is conization to remove the tissue used when it is very abundant.
Hysterectomy can be a treatment option. However, it is scarce in which it has been applied. Most cases of cervical dysplasia are cured as long as they are detected early and treated promptly.
Cervical dysplasia and pregnancy
Cervical dysplasia does not impede getting pregnant. In the same way, the treatments used for it will not have any effect either. The only procedure that could prevent pregnancy is a hysterectomy, and as we have seen above, this is a treatment option in sporadic cases. Similarly, if you suffer from cervical dysplasia and want to get pregnant, consult your doctor about the procedure they can carry out to guarantee a pregnancy without significant risks.
If dysplasia is diagnosed while you are pregnant, the procedure will be to delay treatment until six weeks after delivery, unless the diagnosis is cervical cancer. Here the doctor will inform you about the options and steps to follow.
Prevent cervical dysplasia
Most of the causes for which cervical dysplasia occurs are preventable, so we give you some recommendations to reduce the risks of developing cervical dysplasia :
- Avoid smoking, as it increases your chances of developing severe dysplasia.
- Get vaccinated against HPV.
- Have safe sex, use a condom.
- Have only one sexual partner.
- Avoid having sex before age 18.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Cervical dysplasia: causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Female reproductive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.