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Hoarseness and sore throat: causes and home remedies

by Alivia Nyhan
Published: Last Updated on

The loss of one of the most precious assets. Like the voice, it can be exasperating but take it easy. It usually improves in a short time. It all depends on the cause, how long you have had dysphonia, if you use your voice to work if you suffer from allergies, gastroesophageal reflux, or another disease.

Next, at FastlyHeal, we explain the most frequent causes of sore throat and aphonia, possible medical treatments, and home remedies.

Causes of aphonia and sore throat

The hoarseness is the complete absence of voice, which often tends to suffer is dysphonia. When the voice loses strength, breaks, the high tones are lost, or only a “thread of voice” remains. There are many different causes for this to happen, they lie in the larynx, which is where the vocal cords are, but not all the reasons that cause dysphonia also produce a sore throat. Here are the most common causes of both symptoms:

Laryngitis due to viral infection

Some common viruses that cause rhinitis, runny nose, feverish feeling, and malaise for 1 or 2 days also cause pharyngeal pain and dysphonia. They can then cause a dry cough that can last two to three weeks.

Allergy laryngitis

It is usually seasonal. At some times of the year, some susceptible people tend to suffer from contact with substances that do not harm others, such as pollen, mites, or by eating certain foods. There is usually a picture of nasal inflammation (clear mucus-like water, sneezing, itching), inflammation of the eyes (itching and tearing), and inflammation in the throat (pain, burning, itching, and even dysphonia).

Gastroesophageal reflux laryngitis

Gastroesophageal reflux is the arrival of acid from the stomach to areas not used to it (esophagus, larynx, pharynx, nose, ears, and even lungs), causing a variety of symptoms, including those found sore throat and loss of voice. It can be accompanied by a sensation of having something in the throat, hoarseness, and even rhinosinusitis or asthma. It is a chronic condition and can be insidious. That is, the inflammation is slow.

Foreign body in the larynx

If the discomfort started after eating, there might be some slight remains of food or thorn in the area. This is a severe emergency, as the foreign body can obstruct the airway and even pass into the lungs.

Muscle contracture

The vocal cords move through small muscles and ligaments. These do not work well when there are muscle contractures in areas such as the neck or back, and making an effort to speak normally can cause pain in the area.

Dysphonia due to voice demands

The misuse of the voice by speaking loudly, too much, or not having good coordination between breathing and phonation can cause you to be using your vocal cords badly, which can generate a loss of voice and pain in the area for making an effort to speak. Over time, it can lead to vocal cord injuries such as nodules.

Vocal cord injuries

If there is any injury in the strings, such as cysts or a tumor, the voice may not usually come out, and, when you try to use them, some pain may appear.

Irritants

It may be that the inhalation of smoke, steam, or some substance has generated inflammation in the area. Usually, it subsides if that stimulus disappears, but if you notice that it is also difficult to breathe, you should immediately go to your nearest health center.

Medical treatment of aphonia or dysphonia and sore throat

When you come to consult for a sore throat and dysphonia, it is essential to determine how long you have been with these symptoms, if it is accompanied by other ailments, if you have suffered this before or not, if you have other diseases, if you work with your voice, in short, many questions that will lead your doctor to think about one cause or another.

After you get checked, he can medicate you for a cold with pain relievers, allergies, and rest. If the condition is critical, he may prescribe corticosteroids for one or two days.

The essential thing in the face of dysphonia or aphonia is the rest of the voice since continuing to demand inflamed vocal cords will only generate more discomfort and slower evolution. It can even cause them to be damaged. Likewise, avoiding irritants is critical.

Suppose the problem is rather chronic or does not resolve with treatment. In that case, microscopy will be performed, with which the area can be directly evaluated and, based on the diagnosis, appropriate treatment can be carried out.

Other treatments for aphonia or dysphonia and sore throat that may be indicated depending on the cause are:

  • In case of allergy, antiallergic drugs.
  • In case of reflux, you should constantly improve your eating habits.
  • If the problem is in muscle contractures, movement, exercise, and stretching will improve the situation.
  • If there is any injury to the vocal cords, sometimes medical treatment is tried, voice rest and a small sample should be taken if a tumor is suspected.

Hoarseness and sore throat: home remedies

There are different measures and home remedies that can be taken to improve hoarseness or dysphonia, and sore throat:

  • Drink water: staying hydrated is essential to generate balance in the body. In addition, the vocal cords must receive enough water supply. On the other hand, if the problem is in the entire airway, it is key to a good recovery.
  • Honey: Honey is anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial, so all inflammatory causes of the larynx can improve with its consumption. In addition, it helps to strengthen reflux, as long as it is consumed away from other foods (1 hour before or 2 after). One teaspoon should be diluted in a glass of warm water.
  • Lemon: both for infections and reflux is very useful. Yes, for reflux too!, Since consumed like honey, away from other foods, it helps to generate a pH balance at the gastric level, as everything you should not exaggerate, you can do it for a few days and then rest. Still, always that you try it, you must accompany it with a healthy diet.
  • healthy diet is another fundamental key. Make the basis of your diet raw fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes, fermented, sprouted. This is healthy. Refined, processed dairy, sugar and flour, colorings, preservatives, meats, and sausages that are not healthy and will make whatever the cause will not improve if you do not change your habits.
  • Do not lie down immediately after eating, and you must wait between 2 and 3 hours. If you are hungry, you can eat fruits for up to 1 hour before bed. This will improve your digestion, help reflux not continue to inflame your throat.
  • Ginger: it is anti-inflammatory, excellent for respiratory tract problems, and analgesic. It would be best if you prepared a decoction: you boil a few pieces of the root in water for 10 minutes, let it rest for another ten minutes, and you can drink it warm or cold, as you prefer.
  • Voice rest: once again, you should avoid speaking. The movement of the vocal cords when they are in trouble can only lead to more problems.

If you have doubts or have other symptoms such as shortness of breath or you notice that you do not improve, it is best to consult your family doctor.

This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor if you present any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Aphonia and sore throat: causes and home remedies, we recommend that you enter our category of Ear, nose, and throat.

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