An induced or induced abortion is the intentional termination of pregnancy. It has nothing to do with miscarriage, which occurs naturally due to conception problems. In induced or induced abortion, the mother has to consent that she does not want to continue the process and thus end the pregnancy. This decision is influenced by many social, economic, ethical, and religious factors that can make a mother decide to have a child or not.
In this type of abortion, the laws of each country in this regard greatly influence it. It is usually done during the first trimester, but there are cases in which it is done when the pregnancy is more advanced. It can be executed in various ways, although some care is needed after its completion in any of the issues. In this FastlyHealarticle, we explain all the care after an induced abortion.
Provisional abortion: what it is and why it is done
Induced abortion is the voluntary termination of pregnancy. The decision to end the pregnancy is very personal, and it is recommended to think about it before doing so. The causes that can lead a mother to terminate the pregnancy can be several. However, it can also be done when the pregnancy risks the mother’s life.
The laws of each country greatly influence this type of abortion. There are countries where it is legal to interrupt the pregnancy if there is a severe congenital malformation in the fetus. The pregnancy puts the mother’s life at risk or when the pregnant woman has been the result of forced relationships. In other countries, all types of induced abortion, for whatever reason, are legalized.
When the mother decides, many factors can determine wanting to end her pregnancy, for ethical, moral, social, and even religious examples.
Some of the causes for an induced abortion are:
- Rape or sexual coercion: when the pregnancy has been the consequence of rape or incest, the mother is likely to decide to have an abortion.
- Contraceptive failure: Many women are not ready to become pregnant at this time.
- The situation of the woman or the couple: a woman who is young and single may not want or be able to have a baby at that time. The same happens with some families that do not wish to have more children.
- Economic problems: it is common for women who do not have money to make this decision to take care of a baby.
There are also factors specific to the woman’s status that can determine this decision, such as:
- Mental problems: if the woman’s mental health is insufficient to have a baby.
- Physical issues: in the same way, physical problems make motherhood difficult.
- Malformations in the fetus: when there are severe and irreversible congenital malformations, the parents likely make this decision, or even the doctor recommends it since it would be unfeasible, or the baby would have a high chance of dying.
- Pregnancy puts the mother’s health at risk: when pregnancy can cause the mother’s death, it is widespread to resort to abortion.
Types of induced or induced abortion
There are several ways to carry out an induced abortion, and depending on the stage of the pregnancy, it will be advisable to use one or the other.
- Abortion by pills or chemical abortion: combining hormonal medications that help expel the fetus and placental tissue. This is the most common type of induced abortion when the pregnancy does not reach seven weeks.
- Suction abortion: a tube is inserted into the uterus that will suction the fetus and the product of the pregnancy. Tweezers are then inserted to remove the skull. This method is typical of the first trimester but not when the pregnancy is more advanced.
- Dilation and curettage abortion: This method can be done in pregnancy’s first or second trimester. Also, sometimes in the third trimester, although there are other methods for that case. It is used when the fetus is too large and cannot be removed by suction. In this method, a knife or curette is used with which cuts are made to facilitate the extraction of the embryo through the neck of the womb. It is then removed with forceps.
- Cesarean section or induction of premature labor: when the pregnancy is already very advanced, and the baby is already formed, the induced abortion is usually performed by cesarean section or by inducing labor for the woman to give birth. In this case, induced abortion usually occurs because the baby suffers from irreversible congenital malformations, has problems, is at risk of dying, or endangers the mother’s life.
Care after an induced abortion
Although it was a short pregnancy, the body has prepared for it so that it will require recovery in any case. As the body returns to its natural state, changes occur.
After an induced abortion, irregular bleeding is normal. It is expected that during the first fifteen days, there is bleeding. It is essential to restrict the use of tampons for the first week, at least.
There will also be pain like colic or cramps, similar to those with premenstrual syndrome. This is because the uterus is returning to its natural size. They can last for hours or even a couple of days. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatories or pain relievers such as ibuprofen.
Induced abortion: care
- Taking antibiotics: you will likely be prescribed antibiotics for a time to prevent infections.
- Rest and rest: depending on the stage of the pregnancy, it will last more or less. You can return to your daily activities when you are well, but you should at least rest for the first few days.
- Restrict sexual intercourse: for at least two weeks; however, always follow your doctor’s instructions since the period is usually longer. And keep in mind that even if you do not menstruate, you will continue to ovulate, so you must use protection when you have sex.
This article is merely informative. At FastlyHeal .com, we do not have the power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Care after an induced abortion, we recommend that you enter our category of the Female reproductive system.
I am a Surgeon with a diploma in comprehensive ultrasound and surgical care residency, an area I am specializing in. During the exercise of my profession, I have realized the need for patients to know the diseases they suffer, and I can tell you that a large part of their complications is due to a lack of information. Being a health web writer allows me to transmit my experience, without borders, to all those readers eager for knowledge, educate them in the prevention of diseases and promote a healthy lifestyle.